History

The National Academic Bowl for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing was established in 1996 under the guidance of Astrid Goodstein, who was then the Executive Director of Enrollment Services at Gallaudet. That year, only six schools participated in what was considered a competition for local schools only. The participating schools were Eleanor Roosevelt High School (Greenbelt, MD), Lincoln High School (Philadelphia, PA), Maryland School for the Deaf (Frederick, MD), Model Secondary School for the Deaf (Washington, DC), Rockville High School (Rockville, MD), and W.T. Woodson High School (Fairfax, VA). The winning team was the team from the Model Secondary School for the Deaf.

The competition was then expanded to five regions in 1997 under the direction of Edgar Palmer and his committee. A total of 12 teams participated in the 5 regions. The championship teams from each region were then invited to Gallaudet for the national competition. The participating teams were the California School for the Deaf-Riverside representing the West region, Illinois School for the Deaf representing the Midwest region, Model Secondary School for the Deaf representing the Mid-Atlantic region, EDCO at Newton North High School representing the Northeast region, and the North Carolina School for the Deaf representing the Southeast region. The first National championship went to the team from the California School for the Deaf-Riverside who defeated the North Carolina School for the Deaf in the championship match held at Swindell’s Auditorium in the brand new Kellogg Conference Center and Hotel. Riverside was represented by players Scarlett Bernstein, Rebecca Goldenbaum, Sara Robinson, Megan Walsh, and coach Mitch Kurs. The planning committee that year included people such as Donalda Ammons (who later became the President of the International Committee of Sports for the Deaf), Dwight Benedict (current Dean of Student Affairs), Stephen Weiner (current Provost), and Robert Weinstock (currently a member of the Academic Bowl Executive Committee).

In 1998, the total number of participating teams jumped from 12 to 40 schools as more schools joined the regional competitions. The participating teams at the national competition were the California School for the Deaf (Fremont) representing the West region, Missouri School for the Deaf representing the Midwest region, Maryland School for the Deaf representing the Mid-Atlantic region, EDCO at Newton North High School (first team to enter the national competition twice) representing the Northeast region, and the Alabama School for the Deaf representing the Southeast region. The second annual National championship went to the California School for the Deaf (Fremont) who defeated the Maryland School for the Deaf in the championship match. Fremont was represented by players Melissa Malzkuhn, Jerry Pua, Jesse Saunders (currently in charge of the Academic Bowl competition), and Shoshannah Stern. The final round during that year and the next few years was called the gamble round in which teams were given three questions and a total of 60 points to allocate to those three questions. If a team answered a question correctly, they would be awarded the number of points they gambled on that question.

In 1999, the total number of participating teams went up to 44 schools in the five regions. The participating teams at the national competition were the California School for the Deaf (Fremont) representing the West region, Ohio School for the Deaf representing the Midwest region, Virginia School for the Deaf representing the Mid-Atlantic region, EDCO at Newton North High School representing the Northeast region, and the Alabama School for the Deaf representing the Southeast region. The Eagles of the California School for the Deaf (Fremont) won their second consecutive championship prevailing over EDCO at Newton North High School. Fremont was represented by Adam Jarashow, Jane Jonas, Megan Malzkuhn, Melissa Malzkuhn (first player to win two national championships), and Brendan Stern.

In 2000, the number of participating teams was 54 schools in the five regions. The participating teams at the national competition were University High School representing the West region, Shawnee Mission East High School representing the Midwest region, Model Secondary School for the Deaf representing the Mid-Atlantic region, and the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind representing the Southeast region. Model Secondary School for the Deaf came out on top over Shawnee Mission East High School in the championship match. Florida defeated EDCO in the first ever third place match. MSSD was represented by Bellamie Bachelda, Jonathan Chanin, Robert McConnell, LaToya Plummer, and Darlene Tropp. Starting in 2000, Final Rounds consisted of 10 questions worth three points each. The same Final Round format has been used since then.

In 2001, 59 teams competed in the five regions (the maximum number of teams back then was 60 for the five regions). The participating teams at the national competition were the California School for the Deaf (Fremont) representing the West region, John Hersey High School representing the Midwest region, Model Secondary School for the Deaf representing the Mid-Atlantic region, Rochester School for the Deaf representing the Northeast region, and the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind representing the Southeast region. Model Secondary School for the Deaf defeated John Hersey High School, winning their second consecutive national championship. Florida won the 3rd place match over Fremont. MSSD was led again by Robert McConnell who was the only player left from the 2000 national championship team. Also representing MSSD was Rachel Burton, Michael Higgins, and Earl Mikell.

In 2002, three major rule changes were introduced. For the first five years of the competition, the first two rounds were tossup rounds in which the first player to buzz in got to answer the question. Starting in 2002, the current format that we continue to use today was initiated. Tossup questions were now used only in the first round. The second round saw one player on each team face off against each other. Another major rule change saw each regional tournament expand to allow a maximum of 16 teams and for the first time ever, the top two teams from each region were then invited to participate in the national competition. A total of 62 teams participated in the 5 Regional competitions.

The participating teams at the national competition were the California School for the Deaf (Riverside) and University High School representing the West region, Indiana School for the Deaf and La Follette High School representing the Midwest region, Rockville High School and Model Secondary School for the Deaf representing the Mid-Atlantic region, Monroe #1 BOCES and Webster School District representing the Northeast region, and Florida School for the Deaf and Blind and Louisiana School for the Deaf representing the Southeast region. Florida School for the Deaf and Blind, led by Most Outstanding Player Tim Woodford, defeated University High School in the championship match. Rockville High School defeated Indiana in the 3rd place match. Also representing Florida were Alex Abenchuchan, Hardy Parker, and Amanda Willard.

2003
Number of teams in 5 regions: 74 teams

National teams:
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
Florida School for the Deaf (Southeast)
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
The Learning Center (Northeast)
Lincoln High School (Southeast)
Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Northeast)
Mountain Lakes High School (Mid-Atlantic)
University High School (West)
Wisconsin School for the Deaf (Midwest)

National championship match: Indiana School for the Deaf defeated University High School

Third place match: Maryland School for the Deaf defeated Mountain Lakes High School

Most Outstanding player: Pia Marie Paulone, Senior, Indiana School for the Deaf

Indiana School for the Deaf team roster: Trevor Baldwin, Jon Mowl, Ellen O’Hara, Pia Marie Paulone, and Drew Robarge

2004 
Number of teams in 5 regions: 75 teams

National teams: 
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
Florida School for the Deaf (Southeast)
Illinois School for the Deaf (Midwest)
John Hersey High School (Midwest)
Jonesboro High School (Southeast)
Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Northeast)
Northampton High School (Northeast)
University High School (West)
W.T. Woodson High School (Mid-Atlantic)

National championship match: Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind defeated John Hersey High School

Third place match: University High School defeated Monroe #1 BOCES

Most Outstanding player: Andrew Ek, Senior, Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind 

Colorado School for the Deaf team roster: Andrew Ek, Anthony Thomas, Austin Balaich, and Jessica Contreras

2005
Number of teams in 5 regions: 76 teams

National teams:
Alabama School for the Deaf (Southeast)
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
John Hersey High School (Midwest)
The Learning Center (Northeast)
Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Northeast)
Mountain Lakes High School (Mid-Atlantic)
Roosevelt High School (West)
South Plantation High School (Southeast)

National championship match: Maryland School for the Deaf 66, Roosevelt High School 49

Third place match: Mountain Lakes High School defeated John Hersey High School

Most Outstanding Player: Tyler DeShaw, Senior, Roosevelt High School

Maryland School for the Deaf team roster: Rachel Benedict, Joshua Feldman, Bruce Persons, Allison Weiner, and Derrick Williams

2006
Number of teams in 5 regions: 79 teams

National teams:

Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
Edmonds-Woodway High School (Southeast)
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind (Southeast)
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
John Hersey High School (Midwest)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Northeast)
Mountain Lakes High School (Mid-Atlantic)
Rochester School for the Deaf (Northeast)
University High School (West)
W.T. Woodson High School (Mid-Atlantic)

National championship match: Mountain Lakes High School defeated John Hersey High School

Third place match: Indiana School for the Deaf defeated Monroe #1 BOCES

Most Outstanding Player: David Uzzell, Senior, John Hersey High School

Mountain Lakes High School team roster: Janine Butler, Daniel DiDonna, Erick Hoens, Ian Lazarus, and Travis Johnson

2007
Number of teams in 5 regions: 80 teams (record) 

National teams: Austine School for the Deaf (Northeast)
Berkmar High School (Southeast)
California School for the Deaf-Fremont (West)
Edmonds-Woodway High School (West)
Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind (Southeast)
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
John Hersey High School (Midwest)
Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Northeast)
Mountain Lakes High School (Mid-Atlantic)

National championship match: John Hersey High School defeated Indiana

Third place match: Mountain Lakes High School defeated Monroe #1 BOCES

Most Outstanding Player: David Uzzell, Senior, John Hersey High School

John Hersey High School team roster: Colton Jannusch, Shawn Levine, Abbi Simons, and David Uzzell

2008
Number of teams in 5 regions: 80 teams (record)

National teams:
Edmonds-Woodway High School (West)
Austine School for the Deaf (Northeast)
White Station High School (Southeast)
Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
Montana School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Northeast)
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind (Southeast)
W.T. Woodson High School (Mid-Atlantic)
John Hersey High School (Midwest)

National championship match: Indiana School for the Deaf defeated Maryland School for the Deaf

Third place match: Edmonds-Woodway High School defeated White Station High School

Most Outstanding Player: Allison Weiner, Senior, Maryland School for the Deaf

Indiana School for the Deaf team roster: Janna DiBiase, Gabriel Paulone, Ann Whited and Colin Whited

2009
Number of teams in 5 regions: 79 teams

National teams (expanded from top two to top three from each region, plus one 4th place team): New York State School for the Deaf (Northeast)
Rochester School for the Deaf (Northeast),
South Plantation High School (Southeast)
University High School (West)
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
California School for the Deaf-Fremont (West)
W.T. Woodson High School (Mid-Atlantic)
EDCO at Newton North High School (Northeast)
White Station High School (Southeast)
Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
Metro Deaf School (Midwest)
The Learning Center (Northeast)
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
Michigan School for the Deaf (Midwest)
Monroe #1 BOCES (Mid-Atlantic/At-Large)
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind (Southeast)

National championship match: University High School defeated Indiana School for the Deaf

Third place match: Maryland School for the Deaf defeated Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind

Most Outstanding Player: Gianni Maganelli, Senior, University High School

University High School team roster: Manuel Alvarado, Moises Jaramillo, Gianni Maganelli, Emily Schwartz, and Jessica Walker

2010
Number of teams in 5 regions: 76 teams

National teams: Maryland School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic)
New Mexico School for the Deaf (West)
Mountain Lakes High School (Mid-Atlantic)
White Station High School (Southeast)
University High School (West)
Metro Deaf School (Midwest)
Tucson Area Public Schools (West)
Ohio School for the Deaf (Midwest)
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind (West)
American School for the Deaf (Northeast)
Model Secondary School for the Deaf (Mid-Atlantic),
he Learning Center (Northeast)
EDCO at Newton North High School
Indiana School for the Deaf (Midwest)
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind (Southeast)
California School for the Deaf-Fremont (West)

National championship match: Maryland School for the Deaf defeated Metro Deaf School

Third place match: California School for the Deaf-Fremont defeated Florida School for the Deaf and Blind

Most Outstanding Player: Bri Herold, Senior, Metro Deaf School

Maryland School for the Deaf team roster: Todd Bonheyo, Christy Hediger, Andrew Biskupiak, Asher Kirschbaum, and Ethan Sonnenstrahl

2011
For the 2011 competition, there were no regions and all teams went to Washington, D.C. for a single national competition held at Gallaudet.

Number of teams in National competition: 78 teams

Playoff teams (final 16 teams):
Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind
Alabama School for the Deaf
Indiana School for the Deaf
Texas School for the Deaf
New Mexico School for the Deaf
Mountain Lakes High School
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
University High School
Metro Deaf School
Monroe #1 BOCES
Maryland School for the Deaf
Kansas School for the Deaf
Tennessee School for the Deaf
Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Hinsdale South High School
Tucson Area Public Schools

National championship match: Maryland School for the Deaf defeated New Mexico School for the Deaf

Third place match: Model Secondary School for the Deaf defeated Indiana School for the Deaf

Most Outstanding Player: Paige Foreman, Junior, New Mexico School for the Deaf

2011 All-Stars:
Nathaniel Amann, Sophomore, Arizona School for the Deaf and Blind
Ethan Berger, Senior, Monroe #1 BOCES
Lauren Berger, Sophomore, Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Todd Bonheyo, Senior, Maryland School for the Deaf
Tyler Church, Senior, Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
Eric Epstein, Sophomore, Tucson Area Public Schools
Linzie Fuetchmann, Junior, Metro Deaf School
Christy Hediger, Senior, Maryland School for the Deaf
Colin Lualdi, Sophomore, The Learning Center
David Manis, Senior, Mountain Lakes High School
Erich Meinig, Senior, Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind
Andrew Morrill, Junior, Indiana School for the Deaf
David Putz, Senior, Hinsdale South High School
Gus Shitama, Senior, Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
Ethan Swafford, Sophomore, Tennessee School for the Deaf
Ted Zoerner, Sophomore, University High School

Maryland School for the Deaf team roster: 

Todd Bonheyo, Christy Hediger, Andrew Biskupiak, and Ethan Sonnenstrahl

2012

For the 2012 competition, there were again no regions and all teams went to Washington, D.C. for a single national competition held at Gallaudet.

Number of teams in National competition: 79 teams

Playoff teams (final 16 teams):
Maryland School for the Deaf|
California School for the Deaf-Fremont
Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Kansas School for the Deaf, Metro Deaf School
EDCO at Newton North High School
Monroe #1 BOCES
Hinsdale South High School
Rockville High School
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
University High School, California School for the Deaf-Riverside
Texas School for the Deaf
Indiana School for the Deaf
New Mexico School for the Deaf
W.T. Woodson High School

National championship match: Maryland School for the Deaf defeated Model Secondary School for the Deaf

Third place match: University High School defeated Florida School for the Deaf and Blind

Most Outstanding Player: Ted Zoerner, Junior, University High School

2012 All-Stars:
Jason Antal, Sophomore, Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
Lauren Berger, Junior, Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Eric Epstein, Junior, Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Paige Foreman, Senior, New Mexico School for the Deaf
Leah Frechette, Sophomore, New Bedford High School
Linzie Fuetchmann, Senior, Metro Deaf School
Lauren Holtz, Sophomore, John Hersey High School
Scott Jordan, Senior, W.T. Woodson High School
Prachi Kochar, Junior, Rockville High School
Maggie Kopp, Junior, Texas School for the Deaf
Camac Kyre, Senior, California School for the Deaf-Riverside
Colin Lualdi, Junior, The Learning Center
Andrew Morrill, Senior, Indiana School for the Deaf
Laura Putz, Sophomore, Hinsdale South High School
Ethan Sonnenstrahl, Junior, Maryland School for the Deaf
Raven Taylor, Senior, Indiana School for the Deaf

Maryland School for the Deaf team roster:
Andrew Biskupiak, Ethan Sonnenstrahl, Asher Kirschbaum, and Sam Lundquist

2013

After two years of a single national competition, a return to the five Regional and one National competition format was made this year.

Number of teams in 5 regions: 78 teams

National competition teams (20 teams):

California School for the Deaf-Riverside
EDCO @ Newton North High School
Edmonds Woodway High School
Florida School for the Deaf and Blind
Hinsdale South High School
Indiana School for the Deaf
Iowa School for the Deaf
Kansas School for the Deaf
Maryland School for the Deaf
Metro Deaf School
Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Monroe #1 BOCES
Montana School for the Deaf and Blind
New Mexico School for the Deaf
Rochester School for the Deaf
Rockville High School
Tennessee School for the Deaf
The Learning Center for the Deaf
Tucson Area Public Schools
University High School

National Championship match: Maryland School for the Deaf defeated University High School

Third Place match: Tucson Area Public Schools defeated Indiana School for the Deaf

Most Outstanding Player: Ethan Sonnenstrahl, Maryland School for the Deaf

2013 National All Stars:

Eric Epstein, Senior, Tucson Area Public Schools
Prachi Kochar, Senior, Rockville High School
Colin Lualdi, Senior, The Learning Center for the Deaf
Lauren Putz, Junior, Hinsdale South High School
Joshua Skjeveland, Junior, Indiana School for the Deaf
Ted Zoerner, Senior, University High School

Maryland School for the Deaf roster: Ethan Sonnenstrahl, Jehanne McCullough, Sam Lundquist, Tayla Newman

2014

Number of teams in 5 regions: 80 teams

National competition teams (24 teams):

California School for the Deaf-Riverside
Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind
EDCO @ Newton North High School
Edmonds Woodway High School
Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind
Hinsdale South High School
Idaho ESDB
Indiana School for the Deaf
Jean Massieu School for the Deaf
Kansas School for the Deaf
Louisiana School for the Deaf
Maryland School for the Deaf
Minnesota State Academy for the Deaf
Model Secondary School for the Deaf
Monroe #1 BOCES
Mountain Lakes High School
New Mexico School for the Deaf
Rochester School for the Deaf
Rockville High School
Southern New Hampshire
Texas School for the Deaf
University High School
W.T. Woodson High School
Western Pennsylvania School for the Deaf/Scranton

National Championship match: Model Secondary School for the Deaf defeated Hinsdale South HS

Third Place match: Indiana School for the Deaf defeated W.T. Woodson HS

Most Outstanding Player: Jason Antal, Florida School for the Deaf and the Blind

2014 National All Stars:

Leah Frechette, Senior, Model Secondary School for the Deaf
David Jones, Senior, Colorado School for the Deaf and the Blind
David Mayes, Junior, Rochester School for the Deaf
Brittany Morris, Junior, W.T. Woodson High School
Lauren Putz, Senior, Hinsdale South High School
Joshua Skjeveland, Senior, Indiana School for the Deaf
Nikolya Sereda, Junior, EDCO @ Newton North High School
Bryan Yun, Freshman, Rockville High School

Model Secondary School for the Deaf roster: Leah Frechette, Emmanuel Njoku, Matthew Thompson, Bradley Munday

Historical Firsts:

In 1999, CSD Fremont became the first school to win consecutive national championships doing so in both 1998 and 1999.

In 2003, both Jesse Saunders and Scarlett Valencia became the first former players to also coach an Academic Bowl team. Jesse coached the New Mexico School for the Deaf team while Scarlett coached the CSD Riverside team.

In 2011, we had siblings play against each other on opposing teams for the first time. Lauren Berger of MSSD played against her older brother Ethan Berger of Monroe #1 BOCES and Lauren's MSSD team prevailed in the Quarterfinals match.

In 2012, Maryland School for the Deaf became the first school to win three consecutive national championships. 

In 2013, Noah Valencia became the first 2nd generation Academic Bowl player when he played for CSD Riverside as a freshman. His mother, Scarlett Valencia, was a player for CSD Riverside, the first ever national championship team, in 1997.

Also in 2013, Octavian Robinson became the first to win a national championship as a player AND as a coach. He won a national championship as a player on CSD Riverside's 1997 team. He then won a championship as a coach for the 2013 Maryland School for the Deaf team.

Also in 2013, Maryland School for the Deaf became the first school to win four consecutive national championships. Ethan Sonnenstrahl became the first player to win four consecutive national championships.

In 2014, we had a mother and son win Regional championships as coaches for different teams. Sharon Vollmar won the West Regional as a coach for CSD Riverside while her son, Scott Vollmar, won the Southwest Regional as a coach for New Mexico School for the Deaf.

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