Manuscripts

MSS 197
Roberts, Mary Kendall Greene, 1899-1992
The Mary K. Roberts Collection of Kendall and Greene Family Papers, 1811-1986


Gallaudet University Archives


Descriptive Summary

Repository: Gallaudet University Archives
Call No.: MSS 197
Creator: Roberts, Mary Kendall Greene, 1899-1992
Title: The Mary K. Roberts Collection of Kendall and Greene Family Papers, 1811-1986
Quantity: 1.25 linear feet (2 ½ document boxes)
Abstract: A collection of historical family letters, genealogical research, and family photographs from the Kendall and Greene families.
Note:
    
Administrative Information

Acquisition Information: After accumulation of these papers by Ms. Roberts, they were left to her daughter, Silvia Roberts Lowrey. Following Ms. Lowrey's death, the papers were inherited and donated to Gallaudet University by Kendall descendants Tricia Lowrey Lippert, Mary Rose, and Cindie Marx and her daughter Cecily. 
Processed By: Christopher Shea, May 2014.
Processing Note: Some items have been repaired with yellowed tape that will require conservator treatment. This includes items in the following boxes and folders: (box 1) 7, 8, 36, 37, 40, 41, 62; (box 2) 7, 17, 18; (box 3) Portraits: Greene, Walter Hamilton. 
Conditions on Use and Access:  This collection is open to the public with no restrictions. Photocopies may be made for scholarly research.

Related Material in the Archives:

Photographs

·    Amos Kendall and family at the grave of John Calvin. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Brady, Mathew B. Full figure pose of Amos Kendall sitting and reading "Richmond Enquirer." Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Fenderich, Charles. An engraving of Amos Kendall. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Guillauma, Louis Mathieu Durcer. Half figure pose of Amos Kendall in an oil portrait. Gallaudet Univeristy Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Half figure pose of Amos Kendall standing, holding an envelope resting on a book. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Half-length portrait, three-quarters to left of Amos Kendall. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Head and shoulder pose of Amos Kendall, taken between 1864 and 1865. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Higgins, Francis C. Head and shoulder portrait of Amos Kendall as Postmaster General [...] Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits

·    Smith, Henry W. Head and shoulder pose of Amos Kendall. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Portraits


SMSS

·    Papers, Mary Gold. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: SMSS


Vertical Files

·    Kendall, Amos. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Deaf Biographical

·    Kendall family. Gallaudet University Archives, call number: Deaf Biographical


       
Biographical Sketch

Born 1899 in New York City, Mary Kendall Greene was the great-granddaughter of Amos Kendall through his daughter, Mary Ann Kendall, and her second husband, Joseph D. Greene.


After attending Columbia University, she began working for attorney Arthur Sidney Roberts and eventually married him. Ms. Roberts got into genealogy as a hobby and spent many years tracing her family background. From relatives, she accumulated a collection of 19th and early 20th century letters written by her notable relatives. She had three sons and a daughter; the daughter, Silvia (later Silvia Lowrey) became a professional genealogist and assisted her mother with the work represented in this collection. Ms. Roberts passed away in 1992.


Amos Kendall (1789-1869) was an influential journalist and politician whose writings and support of Andrew Jackson helped raise the Democratic Party to the national stage. Kendall contributed to newspapers (some of which are included in this collection), served as Jackson's postmaster general, and was one of Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" of personal advisors. A wealthy man, Kendall also donated land to provide a home for the Columbia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and persuaded Congress to support the new institution.
Mary Ann Kendall Greene (1820-1875) was Amos Kendall's first child, borne by his first wife, Mary Woolfolk Kendall. Mary Ann originally married a man named Daniel Gold, but after Gold's death, she remarried to Joseph D. Greene (1827-1898). The Greenes traveled abroad after the Civil War as Joseph took a foreign service post. Mary Ann was troubled by constant respiratory distress, which may have been untreated tuberculosis, and the Greenes later moved west in search of a healthier climate. They eventually settled in Faribault, Minnesota. Mary Ann died there in 1875. Their son Walter Woolfolk Greene was Mary Kendall Greene Roberts' father.

Scope and Content

Researchers are most likely to be interested in Ms. Roberts's collection of historical letters from her ancestors, covering the 19th and early 20th centuries. The bulk of these letters were written by Amos Kendall or Mary Ann Kendall Greene, including correspondence between Mary Ann and her parents and a variety of letters sent to Mary Ann by her sisters and cousins. Other items include some of Mary Ann's correspondence with her second husband, Joseph D. Greene; letters between Amos and his first wife, Mary Woolfolk Greene; and later letters and papers from Ms  Roberts' father, Walter Woolfolk Greene, and her brother, Walter Hamilton Greene.  A fragment of Mary Ann's diary has also been included.

Besides the letters, the other major part of the collection is Ms. Roberts' notes on her genealogical research into the Kendall, Greene, and related families. This material includes lists of descendants and relatives, family trees, and historical anecdotes typed by Ms. Roberts.

The collection also includes a set of historical photographs from the Kendall and Greene families. These are mostly portraits of prominent members, including pictures of Amos, Mary Ann, and Joseph, as well as numerous pictures of Walter Woolfolk Greene.

Series Descriptions

Series 1. Historical letters, 1811-1927   
Box 1
A collection of letters by members of the Kendall and Greene families, most written by Amos Kendall and his daughter Mary Ann. These include correspondence between Mary Ann and her parents; between Mary Ann and her sisters; between Amos and his first wife, Mary Woolfolk Kendall; between Mary Ann and her second husband, Joseph D. Greene; and between Amos and Joseph.


Joseph D. Greene's letters to Mary Ann are of particular interest. He writes of the mood in Washington, DC, after the fall of Richmond in 1865, and in a later letter writes about President Lincoln's assassination, including a description of seeing the President's body lying in state. Other unusual items include an 1835 letter by Zebedee Kendall, Amos's father, addressed to his children and grandchildren, and a poem titled "To Mary," apparently written by Amos to his first wife. A few pages of Mary's diary from late in her life, shortly after her relocation to Faribault, Minnesota, are also included.

The remainder of the collection includes some letters to Mary Ann's first husband, Daniel Gold; correspondence by Ms. Roberts' father Walter Woolfolk Greene, including some letters to his parents and to his future wife, Callie Garrard; and correspondence by Ms. Roberts' brother, Walter Hamilton Greene.

Series 2 includes typed transcripts of some of these letters prepared by Ms. Roberts.


Series 2. Transcripts, 1979-1980
Box 1
A small collection of typed, and some handwritten, transcripts of Kendall and Greene family letters. Most of these letters are copies of ones appearing in series 1, and some include historical and biographical facts interpolated by Ms. Roberts. A few of the items in this series are transcribed from letters whose originals are not present in this collection, including a correspondence between Frances Woolfolk and Nancy Bullard Woolfolk, sisters of Amos Kendall's first wife, Mary Woolfolk Kendall.


Series 3. Other Family Records, 1875-1980
Box 1
This series collects other items related to the history of the Kendall and Greene families. Of particular interest is a collection of locks of hair, including a mixed sample from Amos Kendall and his first fiancée, Mary Lawrence. (Amos's engagement to her was broken when he moved to Kentucky to take a teaching job; he ended up marrying Mary Woolfolk instead.)


Other samples present include locks from Sarah Hamilton Garrard, Ms. Roberts' maternal grandmother; and Mary Burton Hamilton, her great-grandmother. This collection also includes copies of family lists from the Kendall family Bible; copies of Amos Kendall's and Mary Kendall Greene's wills; and biographical sketches written by Ms. Roberts, covering Amos Kendall, her father, Walter Woolfolk Greene, and her brother, Walter Hamilton Greene.


Series 4. Newspapers, 1840-1961
Box 2
A collection of newspapers related to Amos Kendall, including copies of the 1840 Extra Globe that he contributed to, an 1873 Washington newspaper with a retrospective of his life, and some 20th-century newspaper clippings with articles about Kendall.


Series 5. Mary K. Roberts personal papers, 1923-1986
Box 2
Includes several drafts of an autobiographical sketch, a passport she used during an European trip in her 20s, and a school paper on Amos Kendall's fellow politician Francis Preston Blair. Also included is some of Ms. Roberts' correspondence, consisting mostly of letters to other family members with questions about family history and genealogical issues. Some correspondence written by Ms. Roberts' daughter, Silvia Roberts Lowrey, is also present.


Series 6. Genealogical notes and research, undated
Box 2
The results of Ms. Roberts' genealogical research, including lists of descendants, family trees and charts, and notes on prominent members. Besides the Kendall and Greene families, this research covers several other branches of Ms. Roberts' family tree, including the Garrard, Burton, and Hamilton families (from her mother's side),  and the Dakin and Minot families, who married into the Kendall branch before Amos's time.


Series 7. Photographs, 1869-1977
Boxes 2-3
A collection of photographs related to the Kendall and Greene families. Includes many photos of Ms. Roberts's father, Walter Woolfolk Greene; her brother, Walter Hamilton Greene; and several of her ancestors and more distant relatives, including Amos Kendall, Mary Ann Kendall Greene, and Joseph D. Greene. Some photographs of houses important to the family, in particular Joseph D. Greene's birthplace in Delaware and a house built by Zebedee Kendall, are also present.

Also includes a scrapbook of family history created by Ms. Roberts, which originally held family photos and her historical notes and clippings from the charts she created. Unfortunately, the scrapbook is in poor condition and many of the photos are loose or missing.

Series Description and Folder Lists

BoxFolderTitleDate(s)
1 1 Adela Kendall Culver correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1846-1851
1 2 Amos Kendall correspondence to Joseph D. Greene 1855-1869
1 3 Amos Kendall correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1836-1867
1 4 Amos Kendall correspondence to Mary Woolfolk Kendall 1818-1822
1 5 Amos Kendall correspondence to Treasury Department 1830
1 6 Amos Kendall letter to Adela Kendall Culver 1837
1 7 Amos Kendall letter to Caleb Butler 1811
1 8 Amos Kendall poem "To Mary" Undated
1 9 Ann G. Shrader correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1846-1850
1 10 Clara Morris letter to Caroline Hamilton Garrard Greene Ca. 1910
1 11 Derinda Kendall letter to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1859
1 12 Fannie Kendall correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1855
1 13 Franklin Kendall letter to unidentified cousin 1857
1 14 Jeannie Stickney letter to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1855
1 15 John Mounts proposal to Amos Kendall 1845
1 16 Joseph D. Greene correspondence to Caroline Hamilton Greene 1897-1898
1 17 Joseph D. Greene correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1865-1868
1 18 Joseph D. Greene correspondence to Walter Hamilton Greene 1896-1898
1 19 Lizzie Kendall correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1855
1 20 Mary Ann Kendall Greene correspondence to Joseph D. Greene 1864-1867
1 21 Mary Ann Kendall Greene correspondence to parents 1832-1869
1 22 Mary Ann Kendall Greene diary 1864
1 23 Mary Ann Kendall Greene letter to Walter Woolfolk Greene 1867
1 24 Mary Ann Kendall Greene letter to William Zebedee Kendall 1837
1 25 Mary Ann Kendall Greene partial letter to Jane Kyle Kendall 1864
1 26 Mary Woolfolk Kendall correspondence to Amos Kendall 1821-1822
1 27 Mary Woolfolk letter fragments 1815-1817
1 28 Minerva Greene Abbott correspondence to Walter Hamilton Greene 1927
1 29 Nancy B. Woolfolk correspondence to Mary Woolfolk Kendall 1818
1 30 Samuel B. Woolfolk letter to Daniel Gold 1847
1 31 Thomas S. Page correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene 1843-1846
1 32 Thomas Tilford correspondence to Daniel Gold 1846
1 33 School certificates for Walter Hamilton Greene 1909-1912
1 34 Walter Hamilton Greene correspondence 1908-1924
1 35 Walter Woolfolk Greene correspondence and marriage certificate 1890-1892
1 36 Walter Woolfolk Greene correspondence to Walter Hamilton Greene 1898-1904
1 37 Walter Woolfolk Greene letter to Mary W. Greene 1868
1 38 Walter Woolfolk Greene partial letter to Joseph D. Greene Undated
1 39 Walter Woolfolk Greene report cards 1868
1 40 William Woolfolk will and transcripts 1822
1 41 Zebedee Kendall letter to family 1835
1 42 Amos Kendall correspondence, 1818-1869 1979-1980
1 43 Ann G. Shrader letter to Mary Ann Kendall Greene, 1850 Undated
1 44 Frances Woolfolk correspondence to Nancy Bullard Woolfolk, 1806-1812 1979
1 45 Joseph D. Greene correspondence to Mary Ann Kendall Greene, 1865 Undated
1 46 Kendall Greene correspondence to daughter, 1895 Undated
1 47 Lizzie Kendall letter to Mary Ann Kendall Greene, 1855 Undated
1 48 Mary Ann Kendall Greene correspondence, 1836-1865 1980
1 49 Mary Ann Kendall Greene diary, 1864 Undated
1 50 Mary Woolfolk Kendall correspondence to Amos Kendall, 1821 Undated
1 51 Thomas S. Page letter to Mary Ann Kendall Greene, 1843 Undated
1 52 Walter Woolfolk Greene letter to Joseph D. Greene Undated
1 53 Amos Kendall Society brochure Undated
1 54 Abstract of Amos Kendall's estate Undated
1 55 Biographical sketches of Amos Kendall Undated
1 56 Biographical sketches of Walter Woolfolk Greene and Walter Hamilton Greene Undated
1 57 Biographical sketch of Walter Woolfolk Greene Undated
1 58 Copies and transcripts of Amos Kendall's will Undated
1 59 Copies and transcripts of Kendall family Bible Undated
1 60 Copies of Mary Kendall Greene's will 1875
1 61 Copy of Bassel Dorsey's will Undated
1 62 Family tree for Mary Kendall Greene Roberts 1980
1 63 Frances Cowles history of Kendall family Undated
1 64 Kentucky marriage certificate for Amos Kendall and Mary B. Woolfolk 1978
1 65 Locks of hair Undated
2 1 Map and notes on Amos Kendall gravesite Undated
2 2 Mary W. Clark correspondence on Amos Kendall 1923
2 3 Map of Mary Bullard Woolfolk property inheritance Undated
2 4 Postcards 1906-1912
2 5 William Woolfolk military record forms 1977
2 6 Extra Globe newspapers 1840
2 7 Newspaper clippings on Amos Kendall 1873-1961
2 8 Newspaper obituary for Amos Kendall 1869
2 9 Autobiography 1979
2 10 Correspondence 1945-1986
2 11 Paper on Francis Preston Blair 1954
2 12 Passport 1923
2 13 Clippings on Amos Kendall 1980
2 14 Clippings on Beverley family Undated
2 15 Kendall, Greene, and related family charts Undated
2 16 Notes on Garrard, Burton, and Hamilton families Undated
2 17 Notes on Gold family Undated
2 18 Notes on Greene and related families Undated
2 19 Notes on Hobson family Undated
2 20 Notes on Kendall and related families Undated
2 21 Notes on Minot family Undated
2 22 Notes on Noden family Undated
2 23 Notes on Tidd family Undated
2 24 Notes on Wheeler family Undated
2 25 Notes on Woolfolk family Undated
2 26 Scrapbook of Kendall and Greene families Undated
3 Location: Charles Henry Greene house Undated
3 Location: Johu Greene farmhouse 1977
3 Location: Joseph D. Greene birthplace, Delaware 1902-1947
3 Location: Joseph D. Greene house Undated
3 Location: Mary Huntington Clark and Elizabeth Kendall Clark house and church 1886
3 Location: Zebedee Kendall house 1973
3 Portraits: Clark, Edward Greene Undated
3 Portraits: Clark, Marion Rose Gruber 1936
3 Portraits: Clark, Mary Huntington and Elizabeth Kendall (twins) Ca. 1890s
3 Portraits: Clark, Mary Woodbury Greene Ca. 1869-1906
3 Portraits: Garrard, George R. 1909
3 Portraits: Garrard, Joseph Barret Undated
3 Portraits: Garrard, Sarah Hamilton Undated
3 Portraits: Gold, Louise Undated
3 Portraits: Greene, Alice Long Undated
3 Portraits: Greene, Henry Kendall Undated
3 Portraits: Greene, Joseph D. Ca. 1870s-1893
3 Portraits: Greene, Joseph D., Jr. Undated
3 Portraits: Greene, Mary Ann Kendall Undated
3 Portraits: Greene, Walter Hamilton 1907-1923
3 Portraits: Greene, Walter Woolfolk Undated
3 Portraits: Greene, Walter Woolfolk Undated
3 Portraits: Kendall, Amos Undated