Manuscripts

MSS 204
Lane, Harlan, 1936-
The Harlan Lane Collection, 1800-2011

Gallaudet University Archives


Descriptive Summary

Repository: Gallaudet University Archives
Call No.: MSS 204
Creator: Lane, Harlan, 1936-
Title: The Harlan Lane Collection, 1800-2011
Quantity: 23 boxes (12 linear feet)
Abstract: Collection of research material and notes for books, as well as copies of historical letters. Created by psychologist Harlan Lane, a nationally recognized researcher and popular author in speech, language, and deaf culture.
Note: This document last updated July 2015.  
    
Administrative Information

Acquisition Information: Assembled from several donations given to the archives by Dr. Lane between 2010 and 2013. 
Processed By: Christopher Shea, June 2015.
Processing Note:
Conditions on Use and Access:  This collection is open to the public with no restrictions. Photocopies may be made for scholarly research.

Related Material in the Archives:

Manuscript Collections

·    The Harlan L. Lane Papers [undated]. Gallaudet University Archives.


Vertical Files

·    Lane, Harlan L. Gallaudet University Archives, Call Number: Deaf Biographical


Biographical Sketch

Born 1936 in Brooklyn, Harlan Lane attended Columbia University, taking a BS and MS in psychology in 1958 and then going on to Harvard University, where he studied with B. F. Skinner and received his Ph.D. He was a professor at the University of Michigan and then transferred to the Sorbonne in Paris, where he received a doctorate in linguistics. In 1973, Dr. Lane returned to the U.S., where he was a visiting professor at the University of California at San Diego. He then relocated to Boston to join the faculty at Northeastern University, where he founded their Center of Research in Hearing, Speech, and Language.

Dr. Lane's first book related to deaf culture was The Wild Boy of Aveyron (1976), for which he extensively researched the history of the early teacher of the deaf Jean-Marc Itard. This led him to research other teachers of the deaf and write When the Mind Hears (1984), a mainstream and critical success about the history of deaf education.

Since then, Dr. Lane has written or co-written several books on deaf history, genealogy, and culture, including A Journey into the Deaf-World (1996, with Robert Hoffmeister and Ben Bahan), The Mask of Benevolence: Disabling the Deaf Community (1999), A Deaf Artist in Early America: The Worlds of John Brewster Jr. (2004), and The People of the Eye: Deaf Ethnicity and Ancestry (2011, with Ulf Hedberg and Richard Pillard).

Among other honors, Dr. Lane has received a MacArthur Foundation Genius Award, a Distinguished Service Award from the National Association of the Deaf, an Award of Merit from the World Federation of the Deaf, and has been named a Commandeur de l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques by the government of France.

Scope and Content

This collection is divided into two major parts. The first is material related to some of Dr. Lane's books, including When the Mind Hears, People of the Eye, A Deaf Artist in Early America, and The Wild Boy of Aveyron. It mostly consists of notes and research material, correspondence with publishers and collaborators, and clippings of reviews.

The other part is a collection of photocopies of 18th- and 19th-century letters, diaries, and travel notes, primarily from Mason Fitch Cogswell and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet. It also includes some material from Edward Miner Gallaudet, Laurent Clerc, the Rev. Joseph Cogswell, and others. The originals of these items are held by Yale University, the Library of Congress, and the Connecticut Historical Society.

Also present is a small collection of pins, buttons, award plaques, and other items that Dr. Lane has collected over the course of his association with the deaf community.


Series Descriptions

Series 1. When the Mind Hears, 1978-1991   
Boxes 1-8
Material from Dr. Lane's breakthrough book When the Mind Hears, originally published in 1984 by Random House. Presented as an "autobiography" of Laurent Clerc, this book is also a study of the struggle between oralist and manualist methods of deaf education and a survey of early educators of the deaf. The bulk of this series is arranged following the chapters of the book, with Dr. Lane's notes and research material presented for each chapter. The series also includes an extensive card catalog of research and topic references that Dr. Lane created while researching this book. These catalog cards refer to an extensive collection of photocopied texts that Dr. Lane used for research; these copies are held separately by the Gallaudet University Archives. 
Also includes various post-publication materials, including an uncorrected proof copy of the book, reviews, correspondence with the publisher and translators, and correspondence and scripts related to a potential adaptation of the book for British television. This adaptation was broadcast under the title Pictures in the Mind on the ITV channel in 1987.

Series 2. People of the Eye, 1914-2002
Boxes 9-15
Written by Dr. Lane with Ulf Hedberg and Richard Pillard, People of the Eye traces the history and genealogy of interlinked deaf families through New England, particularly Maine. Most of this series consists of genealogical materials, such as pedigrees, biographies, and birth and death records, arranged by family name. This includes a special collection of genealogies from families on the island of Martha's Vineyard.
The remainder of the material in this series includes research notes and data tables on various aspects of the historical New England deaf population, as well as some correspondence between Dr. Lane, his collaborators, and his publisher. It also includes a CD with the final manuscript of the book, in .pdf format, as delivered to the publisher.
 
Series 3. The Wild Boy of Aveyron, 1800-1992
Boxes 15-16
Dr. Lane's first book tells the story of Victor of Aveyron and the attempts to educate him and provide him with language. The series includes correspondence and notes, an extensive clipping file of reviews of the book, and some photocopies of letters written in Year 8 of the French Revolutionary calendar (1799). Of particular interest is an original letter by Dr. Jean Marc Itard, the physician who treated Victor, written in Year 9 (1800) to the directors of the institution where he was employed.
 
Series 4. A Deaf Artist in Early America, 1959-2006
Boxes 16-18
In this book, Dr. Lane explored the life of deaf portraitist John Brewster Jr. (1766-1854), whose portraits of the New England mercantile elite are famed for their unique style and their depiction of the role of class and wealth in 18th- and 19th-century America. Dr. Lane's book examines how Brewster interacted with both hearing and deaf societies at the time.
This series consists mostly of Dr. Lane's correspondence about the book, some notes and genealogical material on Brewster and his subjects, and outlines for the book.
 
Series 5. Other correspondence and clippings, 1979-1990
Box 18
A small collection of material not specifically related to Dr. Lane's writing projects, including a collection of clippings on deaf education in France and some correspondence with libraries about obtaining research copies.
 
Series 6. Photocopies of Mason Fitch Cogswell correspondence, undated (1772-1925)
Boxes 18-20, 21
The bulk of this series consists of copies of letters sent to Mason Fitch Cogswell (1761-1830), the Connecticut physician whose backing and leadership helped fund Thomas H. Gallaudet's American Asylum. This general correspondence is arranged by the surname of the sender.
There is also a collection of letters between Mason Cogswell and his various family members, including his father, Rev. James Cogswell (1720-1807); Mason's daughter, Mary A. Cogswell (1801-1868), later Mary Cogswell Weld; her husband, Lewis Weld (1796-1853); and Mason's brother, Sam Cogswell (1754-1790). Also includes some copied diaries from Mason F. Cogswell and Rev. James Cogswell, and some of Mason's personal papers.
 
Series 7. Photocopies of Gallaudet and Clerc correspondence and other materials, undated (1808-1936)
Boxes 21-22
Most of this series consists of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet's correspondence, arranged chronologically. It also includes some sets of travel notes written by Edward Miner Gallaudet, as well as an 1816 set of conversation notes between Thomas H. Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc. Also included is a copy of the Clerc Galloway collection, which consists of clipped articles, correspondence, and various other material related to Laurent Clerc.
 
Series 8. Awards and plaques, 1991-2011
Boxes 20, 22-23
A collection of pins, plaques, certificates, and other items that Dr. Lane has been given by various deaf institutions, including the National Association of the Deaf, the World Federation of the Deaf, Gallaudet University, and the Registry of Interpreters of the Deaf.

Series Description and Folder Lists

BoxFolderTitleYear(s)
1 1 Photograph list and copies 1991
1 2 Notes, name list, and style sheet Undated
1 3 Notes for foreword Undated
1 4 Notes on Paris Institution for chapter 1 Undated
1 5 Papers and notes on Massieu for chapter 2 Undated
1 6 Notes on Massieu for chapter 2 1980
1 7 Notes on teachers for chapter 2 1980-1981
1 8 Papers and notes on Sicard for chapter 3 Undated
1 9 Notes on Epée for Chapter 4 Undated
1 10 Notes for chapter 5 Undated
1 11 Notes on Braidwood for chapter 5 Undated
1 12 Notes on Pedro Ponce de León for chapter 5 Undated
1 13 Notes on George Dalgarno for chapter 5 Undated
1 14 Notes on Pereira, Ernaud, and de Foy for chapter 5 Undated
1 15 Notes on Epée and Sicard for chapter 5 Undated
1 16 Notes on Heinicke for chapter 5 Undated
1 17 Notes on Bonet, Ramirez, and Digby for chapter 5 Undated
1 18 Notes on Deschamps for chapter 5 Undated
1 19 Notes on deaf education before Ponce for chapter 5 Undated
1 20 Notes on Wallis, Bulwer, Holder, and Sibscota for chapter 5 Undated
1 21 Notes on Ammann and van Helmont for chapter 5 Undated
2 1 Outline and notes on Itard for chapter 6 Undated
2 2 Notes on Itard and medicine for chapter 6 Undated
2 3 Notes on Itard and the deaf for chapter 6 Undated
2 4 Notes on the spread of sign language for chapter 6 Undated
2 5 Notes on new oralism for chapter 6 Undated
2 6 Notes and letters on Thomas H. Gallaudet, Alice and Mason Cogswell, and others for chapter 7 Undated
2 7 Notes on Lydia Sigourney for chapter 7 Undated
2 8 Outline and notes for chapter 7 1981
2 9 Notes on Hartford Wits for chapter 7 Undated
2 10 Notes on Thomas H. Gallaudet for chapter 7 Undated
2 11 Notes on Cogswell family for chapter 7 Undated
2 12 Notes on Hartford for chapter 7 Undated
2 13 Notes on sign language for chapter 8 Undated
2 14 Notes on Thomas H. Gallaudet for chapter 8 Undated
2 15 Notes on Clerc for chapter 8 ca. 1982
2 16 Notes on deaf-blind for chapter 9 Undated
2 17 Notes on deaf women for chapter 9 Undated
3 1 Notes for chapter 10 Undated
3 2 Notes for chapter 10 Undated
3 3 Notes for chapter 11 Undated
3 4 Notes for chapter 11 Undated
3 5 Notes for chapter 11 Undated
3 6 Notes on Congress of Milan for chapter 12 1980
3 7 Notes for chapter 12 Undated
3 8 Notes for chapter 12 Undated
3 9 Author's questionnaire 1984
4 1 BBC and Paddy Ladd correspondence 1983-1985
4 2 BBC correspondence and script 1985-1989
4 3 BBC proposal and sample script Undated
4 4 Bibliographies Undated
4 5 Brochure and postcards Undated
4 6 Clippings of reviews 1984-1988
4 7 Clippings of reviews 1984-1990
4 8 Correspondence and samples of French translation Undated
4 9 Correspondence on interlibrary loans 1978-1986
4 10 Correspondence on pre-publication reviews 1983
4 11 Draft for advertisements 1985
4 12 Letter on adaptation 1989
4 13 Lists of reviews 1984-1985
4 14 Readers' letters 1985-1988
5 Uncorrected proof copy 1984
5 Card catalog (A-E) Undated
6 Card catalog (F-P) Undated
7 Card catalog (P-Z and others) Undated
8 Card catalog (other topics) Undated
9 1 Allen genealogies 2007
9 2 Allen/Winthrop genealogies 2005-2007
9 3 Andrews/Dudley genealogies 2007-2008
9 4 Badger genealogies 2005-2008
9 5 Barter genealogies 2007
9 6 Barton genealogies 2007
9 7 Berry bibliography 2003-2007
9 8 Berry genealogy 2005-2006
9 9 Berry genealogies 2005
9 10 Berry genealogies 2005-2009
9 11 Berry genealogies (Bath) 2007
9 12 Berry genealogies (Minot) 2005
9 13 Berry genealogies (New Hampshire) 1992-1997
9 14 Berry genealogies (New Hampshire) 2005-2006
9 15 Berry genealogies (other towns) 2005-2006
9 16 Berry genealogies (Palmyra) 2005-2006
10 1 Berry genealogies (Phillips) 2005
10 2 Berry genealogies (Vienna) 2005
10 3 Blaisdell genealogies 2008
10 4 Boardwin genealogies 2007
10 5 Bourne genealogies 2007-2008
10 6 Briggs genealogies 2007
10 7 Brown/Henniker genealogies 2008
10 8 Brown/Windham genealogies 2007-2008
10 9 Butler genealogies 2004-2007
10 10 Campbell genealogies 2007
10 11 Chandler genealogies 2007
10 12 Chapman/Alden/Hanson genealogies 2007
10 13 Clark genealogies 2007
10 14 Curtis genealogies 2002-2009
10 15 Curtis/Rowe genealogies 2004
10 16 Deering/Richardson genealogies 2007
10 17 Dillingham/Fessenden genealogies 2008-2009
10 18 Farnum/Russ/Austin genealogies 2007-2008
10 19 Foster genealogies 2007
10 20 Frank genealogies 2004-2007
11 1 Gibson genealogies 2008
11 2 Glidden genealogies 2005-2007
11 3 Gray genealogies 2007
11 4 Ham genealogies 2007-2009
11 5 Higgins genealogies 2004-2007
11 6 Howard genealogies 2008
11 7 Jack genealogies 1998-2007
11 8 Jellison genealogies 2007-2010
11 9 Jennings genealogies 2007-2009
11 10 Jones genealogies 2007-2008
11 11 Larrabee genealogies 2007-2009
11 12 Marr genealogies 2005-2007
11 13 Marsh genealogies 2007
11 14 Martha's Vineyard genealogies 1998-2003
11 15 Martha's Vineyard: Allen genealogies 2008
11 16 Martha's Vineyard: Athearn genealogies 2004-2007
11 17 Martha's Vineyard: Butler genealogies 2004-2007
11 18 Martha's Vineyard: Cottle genealogies 2007
11 19 Martha's Vineyard: Daggett genealogies 2008
11 20 Martha's Vineyard: Davis genealogies 2008
11 21 Martha's Vineyard: Eddy genealogies 2007
11 22 Martha's Vineyard: Lambert genealogies 2007
12 1 Martha's Vineyard : Look genealogies 2007
12 2 Martha's Vineyard: Luce genealogies 2007
12 3 Martha's Vineyard: Mayhew genealogies 2007-2008
12 4 Martha's Vineyard: Newcomb genealogies 1914-2009
12 5 Martha's Vineyard: Norton genealogies 2007
12 6 Martha's Vineyard: Skiffe genealogies 2007-2008
12 7 Martha's Vineyard: Smith genealogies 1998-2007
12 8 Martha's Vineyard: Smith (#2) genealogies 2007-2008
12 9 Martha's Vineyard: Tilton genealogies 2007-2008
12 10 Martha's Vineyard: West genealogies 2008
12 11 Mayberry genealogies 2007
12 12 Mayo genealogies 2007-2012
12 13 Merrill genealogies 2007
12 14 Moulton genealogies 2007
12 15 Nason genealogies 2001-2008
12 16 Osgood genealogies 2007
12 17 Page genealogies 2007-2008
12 18 Parkman genealogies 2004-2007
12 19 Perkins genealogies 2007-2008
12 20 Perry genealogies 2007
12 21 Randall genealogies 2007
12 22 Reed genealogies 2007
12 23 Riggs genealogies 2007
12 24 Robbins/Wood genealogies 2007
12 25 Robinson genealogies 2007-2008
12 26 Rogers genealogies 2007
12 27 Rowe genealogies 2004-2007
12 28 Russell genealogies 2007
12 29 Seiders/Winchenbach/Ludwig genealogies 2007
12 30 Skilling genealogies 2007-2008
13 1 Small genealogies 2004-2008
13 2 Eliab Smith genealogies 2007
13 3 Staples genealogies 2007-2009
13 4 Stimson genealogies Undated
13 5 Stubbs genealogies Undated
13 6 Titcomb/Patterson genealogies 2005-2007
13 7 Trask genealogies 2007
13 8 Tripp genealogies 2007-2008
13 9 Wakefield genealogies 2007
13 10 Whitcomb genealogies 2007
13 11 White genealogies 2007
13 12 Williams genealogies 2007
13 13 Wing genealogies 2009-2010
13 14 Advertisements Undated
13 15 Clippings from deaf newspapers on Maine deaf, 1860-1869 2001-2008
13 16 Copies and correspondence on censuses 2001
13 17 Copies of Phillips town records, 1848-1857 Undated
13 18 Copy of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet letter, 1825 Undated
13 19 Correspondence 2000-2008
13 20 Correspondence and contract with Harvard University Press 2008-2009
13 21 Correspondence and notes on funding 2004
13 22 Correspondence on genealogy software 2002-2003
14 1 Correspondence with assistants 2008
14 2 Diagrams of family relationships Undated
14 3 Family pedigrees 2001-2002
14 4 Final manuscript for Harvard University Press 2009
14 5 List of unassigned individuals 2007
14 6 Lists and notes on possible additions to genealogies 2008
14 7 Lists of ASD alumni from Maine 2001-2008
14 8 Lists of genealogies 2007-2008
14 9 Notes (brief) Undated
14 10 Notes on deaf in Kent (UK) 2004
14 11 Notes on deaf organizations in New England ca. 2001
14 12 Notes on ethnicity 2003-2009
14 13 Notes on genetic deafness 2003-2009
14 14 Notes on New England towns ca. 2001
14 15 Notes on unsolved questions 2008-2009
15 1 Partial manuscript 2009
15 2 Reports to team 2002
15 3 Richard Pillard and Ulf Hedberg critiques 2008-2009
15 4 Richard Pillard genealogy lists 2009
15 5 Table of contents Undated
15 6 Table of illustrations Undated
15 7 Table of town descriptions 2008
15 8 Tables of deaf population by town 2008-2009
15 9 Addresses 1976
15 10 Bibliography 1975-1977
15 11 Clippings and correspondence on reviews 1975-1981
15 12 Clippings and correspondence on reviews and critiques 1975-1979
15 13 Copies of 1799 letters Undated
15 14 Correspondence and brochures 1972-1992
16 1 Correspondence with Harvard University Press 1975-1979
16 2 Images and related correspondence 1977-1978
16 3 Itard letter 1800
16 4 Notes and student work on Itard and Victor Undated
16 5 Notes on annotations Undated
16 6 Notes on Itard Undated
16 7 Revisions to French translation 1978
16 8 Advertisements for book and Brewster 1959-2004
16 9 Articles and lecture on Brewster 1996-2006
16 10 Bibliography 2001-2002
16 11 Charts on Brewster genealogy Undated
16 12 Clippings and correspondence on reviews 2004-2005
16 13 Copies of plates Undated
16 14 Correspondence after publication 2005-2006
16 15 Correspondence and charts on deaf Brewster descendants 1983-2003
16 16 Correspondence and contracts 1999-2003
17 1 Correspondence and forms for permissions 2003-2004
17 2 Correspondence and notes on ministers 2004
17 3 Correspondence and notes on proofs 2004
17 4 Correspondence for article on Brewster 2004
17 5 Correspondence on Brewster 2002-2003
17 6 Correspondence on Brewster 2002-2004
17 7 Correspondence on critiques 2003
17 8 Correspondence on marketing 2004
17 9 Documents on other painters 1994-2000
17 10 Letter and genealogical charts for Brewster's subjects Undated
17 11 Notes and charts on Brewster genealogy 1992-2001
17 12 Notes and outline for book Undated
17 13 Notes on dealers and curators 2003
18 1 Obituaries Undated
18 2 Outline for book Undated
18 3 Clippings on deaf education in France 1979-1990
18 4 Correspondence on copies and microfilm 1980-1987
18 5 Copies of letters from J. Huntington to Rev. James Cogswell, 1772 Undated
18 6 Copies of letters from Mason F. Cogswell to Lewis Weld, 1817-1853 Undated
18 7 Copies of letters from Mason F. Cogswell to Mary A. Cogswell, 1809-1816 Undated
18 8 Copies of letters from Mason F. Cogswell to Mary Cogswell Weld, 1822-1830 Undated
18 9 Copies of letters from Mason F. Cogswell to Rev. James Cogswell, 1781-1794 Undated
18 10 Copies of letters from Rev. James Cogswell to Mason F. Cogswell, 1783-1795 Undated
18 11 Copies of letters from Sam Cogswell to Mason F. Cogswell, 1782-1789 Undated
18 12 Copies of Mason F. Cogswell correspondence, 1812-1822 Undated
18 13 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: A (1786-1823) Undated
18 14 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: B (1783-1826) Undated
19 1 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: C (1791-1827) Undated
19 2 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: D (1790-1821) Undated
19 3 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: E-G (1783-1822) Undated
19 4 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: H-K (1788-1828) Undated
19 5 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: L (1787-1828) Undated
19 6 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: M (1787-1825) Undated
19 7 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: N-R (1) (1785-1812) Undated
19 8 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: N-R (2) (1782-1829) Undated
20 1 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: S (1) (1797-1817) Undated
20 2 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: S (2) (1783-1819) Undated
20 3 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: T-V (1794-1818) Undated
20 4 Copies of letters to Mason F. Cogswell: W (1783-1830) Undated
20 5 Copies of Mason F. Cogswell personal papers, 1791-1829 Undated
20 6 Copies of Mason F. Cogswell personal papers, 1795-1817 Undated
20 7 Copy of Academy of Medicine of Philadelphia certificate for Mason F. Cogswell, 1800 Undated
20 8 Copy of list of Cogswell papers, 1925 Undated
20 9 Copy of Mason F. Cogswell diary, 1788 Undated
20 10 Copies of article lists on Edward Miner Gallaudet, ca. 1950 Undated
20 11 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc conversation notes, 1816 Undated
20 12 Certificates and photographs from deaf awards and honors 1984-2011
21 1 Copies of Edward Miner Gallaudet travel notes, 1872-1897 Undated
21 2 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1808-1833 Undated
21 3 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1817-1831 Undated
21 4 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1831-1832 Undated
21 5 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1832-1836 Undated
21 6 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1836-1840 Undated
21 7 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1841-1844 Undated
21 8 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence, 1845-1849 Undated
21 9 Copies of Thomas H. Gallaudet correspondence and papers, 1830-1851 Undated
21 Copy of Rev. James Cogswell diary, 1781-1791 Undated
22 1 Copies of Edward Miner Gallaudet travel notes, 1867 1978
22 2 Copies of Clerc Galloway collection, 1827-1936 Undated
22 WFD Award of Merit certificate 1995
22 WFD World Congress of the Deaf banner 1991
22 Gallaudet President's Circle pins (6) 1995-2006
22 Gallaudet University pin Undated
22 Kappa Gamma pin Undated
22 National Association of the Deaf pin Undated
22 Northeastern University decorative key Undated
22 Other pins and buttons (5) Undated
22 Portuguese Association of the Deaf medal Undated
23 Canadian Cultural Society of the Deaf International Service Award plaque 2002
23 Massachusetts State Association of the Deaf George Veditz Award plaque 2011
23 National Association of the Deaf Frederick C. Schrieber Distinguished Service Award plaque 1986
23 National Association of the Deaf Outstanding Literary Achievement Award plaques 1986, 1992
23 Registry of Interpreters of the Deaf honorary membership award statuette 1985