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Gallaudet Univeristy
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Communication Access Realtime Translation

What Are the Benefits of CART in the Classroom?

The following paper, CART in the Classroom: How to Make Realtime Captioning Work for You, presented at the Instructional Technology and Education of the Deaf symposium at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf in June 2001, explains the benefits of CART for students who are deaf, hard-of-hearing, late-deafened, oral deaf, or have cochlear implants. The paper also discusses how CART providers can work effectively with instructors and coordinators of services to ensure that students with hearing loss receive the best communication access possible.

Researcher Aaron Steinfeld wrote his dissertation on the benefits of captions in the classroom setting. When he presented this information at a convention of the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (AG Bell), he was inundated with requests on the studies he used as a starting point. He has allowed us to reprint this essay, in which he lists a number of those references, for the use of people who are petitioning for the use of CART in the classroom.