The Center for Disease Control/National Center for Infectious Diseases websites provide specific and general information/guidelines about health issues to help prepare for safe travel including preventive shots (vaccines), and travel advisory and special health alerts depending on area of travel.
If you have questions and need specific advice, the SHS staff will be more than happy to assist you.
Find out the health precautions you need to take for the particular country you're visiting at National Center for Infectious Diseases Traveler's Health page - Destinations (cdc.gov).
Political conditions in foreign countries may change quickly. Thus, to ensure your safety, check the Bureau of Consular Affairs page on International Travel Warnings - Travel.State.Gov (state.gov).
When in a foreign country, be cautious with your intake of food and water to prevent illness and diarrhea. National Center for Infectious Diseases has a Safe Food and Water page that offers tips on the subject - Safe Food and Water (cdc.gov).
Mosquito and insect precautions may be necessary to protect against insect-borne illnesses, especially in tropical countries - Protection against Mosquitoes, Ticks, Fleas and Other Insects and Arthropods (cdc.gov).
Nothing ruins a trip faster than having your wallet lost or stolen. But Traveler's Checks can be replaced, virtually anywhere in the world, usually within 24 hours. Hence it is strongly recommended to carry at least some portion of your money in Traveler's Checks.
International Travel Safety Information for Students
As the time approaches for spring or summer breaks, many college students are getting ready for that much anticipated trip abroad. Most will have a safe and enjoyable adventure, but for some the trip will become a nightmare. A number of vacations are ruined by one or more of the following: drugs, alcohol, and disorderly behavior.
Each year, more than 2,500 American citizens are arrested abroad -- about half on narcotics charges, including possession of very small amounts of illegal substances. A drug that is legal in one country may not be legal in a neighboring nation. Some young people are victimized because they are unaware of the laws, customs, or standards of the country they are visiting.
Besides drugs, alcohol can also cause trouble for U.S. citizens traveling abroad. Students have been arrested for being intoxicated in public areas, for underage drinking, and for drunk driving. Some young Americans go abroad assuming that local authorities will overlook such conduct. Many believe that they are immune from prosecution in foreign countries because they are American citizens. The truth is that Americans are expected to obey all of the laws of the countries they visit, and those who break these laws sometimes face severe penalties, including prison sentences.
Disorderly or reckless behavior is also to be avoided. In many countries, conduct that would not result in an arrest in the United States constitutes a violation of local law. Being arrested is not the only misfortune that can occur on a foreign vacation. Young Americans have suffered injury or even death from automobile accidents, drowning, and falls, in addition to other mishaps. While these accidents are sometimes chance occurrences, many are caused by alcohol or drug abuse. Sadly, other Americans have been sexually assaulted or robbed because they have found themselves in unfamiliar locales or are incapable of exercising prudent judgment while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Other hidden safety issues are of major concern as well. Because standards of security, safety and supervision are not the same in many countries as they are in the U.S., many young persons have died after automobile accidents, after falls from balconies, after falls into open ditches, by drowning in the ocean as well as in hotel pools, and in water-sports mishaps, among others. In some countries, the water sports industry is not carefully regulated. Unlicensed operators have been linked to assaults, and a number of Americans have been killed or injured by the improper use of jet-skis and other personal watercraft. It is crucial that young Americans be aware of these risks as they are enjoying their time abroad.
Young Americans traveling abroad should remember that reckless behavior while in another country can do more than ruin their vacation; it can land them in a foreign jail, cause them to suffer physical harm, or worse. It is possible to have a safe and fun trip if they avoid risky behavior and become familiar with the basic laws and customs of the country they plan to visit before they travel.
More information about traveling abroad is available at the Department of State's web site - Tips for Traveling Abroad (state.gov).
For further information contact:
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Office of Public Affairs
Press Inquiries: (202) 647-1488
Internet address: http://travel.state.gov
Public Inquiries: toll free (888) 407-4747