Guide to Writing an Abstract

An abstract is a brief explanation that generally goes at the beginning of a paper, book or article, that explains the objective, research process, results, and conclusions of a project. Writing an effective abstract will improve the chances of your manuscript being accepted, encourage people to read it, and increase its impact.

The best way to write an effective abstract is to start with a draft of the complete manuscript and follow these 10 steps:

  1. Identify the major objectives and conclusions.
  2. Identify phrases with keywords in the methods section.
  3. Identify the major results from the discussion or results section.
  4. Assemble the above information into a single paragraph.
  5. State your hypothesis or method used in the first sentence.
  6. Omit background information, literature review, and detailed description of methods.
  7. Remove extra words and phrases.
  8. Revise the paragraph so that the abstract conveys only the essential information.
  9. Check to see if it meets the guidelines of the targeted journal.
  10. Give the abstract to a colleague (preferably one who is not familiar with your work) and ask him/her whether it makes sense.

Note: Don't use citing in the abstract paragraph.

About Gallaudet
Campus Photos
Clerc Center
Communications and Public Relations
Contact Us
Employment Opportunities
Fast Facts
GU Press
Make an Online Gift
Maps & Directions
Mission & Goals
Visitors Center
English Language Institute
Financial Aid
Global Education and Scholar Services
Graduate Admissions
Graduate Orientation
International Admissions
Professional Studies
Test Center
Undergraduate Admissions
Academics & Research
Undergraduate Majors and Programs
Graduate Programs
Professional Studies
Career Center
Academic Catalog & Course Info
General Studies Program
Honors Program
International Student Services
Gallaudet Research Institute
Visual Language & Visual Learning
Campus Life
Bison Shop (bookstore)
Campus Activities
Food Services
Public Safety
Residence Life and Housing
Washington, D.C.
Tools & Resources
Daily Digest
Campus Directory
Subscribe to Gallaudet Alert
Help Desk
Maps & Directions
People @ Gallaudet
Shuttle Bus Services
Gallaudet University | 800 Florida Avenue NE, Washington, DC 20002
Copyright © 2014 Gallaudet University