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Gallaudet University Archives
Descriptive SummaryRepository: Gallaudet University Archives Call No.: MSS 32Creator: Title: Papers of James Theodore Flood, 1920-1989Quantity: 3.5 Linear Feet (7 document boxes) Abstract: Note: This document last updated 2005 December 6.Administrative Information Acquisition Information: The James Theodore Flood Papers were given to the Gallaudet University Archives in his bequest in accordance to item II in the Last Will and Testament of Dr. James Theodore Flood on December 16, 1991.Processed by: Michael Olson. 1994 August. Processing Note: Conditions on Use and Access: This collection is open to the public with no restrictions. Photocopies may be made for scholarly research.
Related Material in the Archives:
Biographical SketchJames Theodore Flood was born on February 16, 1905, the fourth of eight children of James B. and Martha (Gehl) Flood of Elyria, Ohio. He spent his childhood in Elyria, where he attended the public schools until at the age of 12 he contracted spinal meningitis and became totally deaf. He dropped out of the school and worked at the Columbia Steel Company for a few years. He enrolled in January 1920, at the Ohio School for the Deaf in Columbus. He graduated as class valedictorian in June 1923. The following autumn, he enrolled in Gallaudet College. He graduated from Gallaudet in 1928 and he went back to his home state, Ohio where he worked first as a boy's counselor for two years and then as a teacher for 45 years at the Ohio School for the Deaf. He retired in 1975. He received a second bachelor's degree in education in 1932 and a master's degree in special education in 1940, both from the Ohio State University. Gallaudet University honored him with an honorary Doctor of Laws degree in 1964.During his teaching career, Dr. Flood worked tirelessly as a board member, executive secretary, and public relations man for the Ohio Home for the Aged and Infirm Deaf. Among his greatest achievements was the established of Columbus Colony, the nation's first planned community for elderly deaf people. For years, James Flood was the executive secretary of the Ohio School for the Deaf Alumni Association.During his lifetime, Dr. Flood attended many workshops related on aging, handicapped and deaf people. Also, he involved in Safe Driving Program for Deaf Drivers. Along with Robert M. Greenum and Frederick Moore proposed the unification of all State (and local) organization of the Deaf. At a meeting called for such purpose, the Ohio Federation of Organization of the Deaf was established. It later became the Ohio Association of the Deaf, through merger with the Ohio Deaf Motor's Association.Dr. Flood was honored with a larger than life framed picture of him unveiling during the Reunion of the Alumni Association in 1985. The picture is presently hanging in the lobby of Columbus Colony.In August 1943, James Flood married Kathryn Beryl Buster of Kansas City, a Gallaudet University classmate and teacher of home economics at the Ohio School for the Deaf. After Kathryn's death in 1975, Dr. Flood married Ruth Imogene Price in 1979. Ruth died In 1981.Dr. Flood passed away at his residence in Columbus, Ohio on September 24, 1990 at the age of 85.Sources: Collection Synopsis, James T. Flood Papers, MSS 901, The Ohio Historical Society; Vita Resume of James T. Flood; and Gallaudet Alumni Newsletter, Vol. 25, No. 3, November 1990.
Scope and ContentThe James Theodore Flood Papers consist of awards and honors, booklets, brochures, certificates, constitution and by laws, correspondence, financial reports, memorandums, minutes, newspaper clippings, news releases, presentations, program books, proposals, reports and speeches. Dr. Flood was a teacher at the Ohio School for the Deaf for 45 years. He was an advocate for the Ohio Deaf community. He was the instrumental in establishing a nursing home for the deaf called Columbus Colony in Columbus, Ohio.The collection, which consists of approximately 6,000 pages, dates from 1920 to 1989. The bulk of collection consists of correspondence, carbon copies, and publications. The bulk dates are mostly between 1952 and 1982. The strength of the collection is centered mostly on concerns for the welfare of deaf people in Ohio, especially with the Ohio Home for the Aged and Infirm Deaf and the Columbus Colony.The largest subject in the collection is focused on the establishment of the Columbus Colony, the nation's first planned community for elderly deaf people.The collection is arranged into seven series: biographical and personal, Gallaudet College, the Ohio School for the Deaf, the Ohio School for the Deaf Alumni Association, the Ohio Home for the Aged and Infirm Deaf, the Columbus Colony, and Subject and Correspondence files.Unfortunately, the collection is not completed and mostly contains carbon copies of some materials as Dr. Flood donated the bulk of his collection to The Ohio Historical Society in August, 1985. (See the Archivist for a copy of collection synopsis on Dr. James T. Flood processed by the Ohio Historical Society). The collection was bequeathed to Gallaudet University in accordance to Item II in the Last Will and Testament of Dr. James T. Flood on December 16, 1991.Series Descriptions
Series I: Biographical and PersonalBox 1, 1923-1989This series contains Dr. Flood's speeches and statements; biographical items; correspondence; articles; awards and certificates.Series II: Gallaudet CollegeBox 1, 1920-1983Dr. Flood was a student at Gallaudet College from 1923 to 1928. This series contains correspondence; information about Gallaudet College; and a certificate of the Phi Alpha Sigma Fraternity of which he was a member.Series III: Ohio School for the DeafBox 1, 1947-1981Dr. Flood attended the Ohio School for the Deaf from 1920 to 1923 and was a class valedictorian. Mostly of this series are correspondence; program books; and newspaper articles on the school.Series IV: Ohio School for the Deaf Alumni AssociationBox 2, 1948-1987This series contains records of the Ohio School for the Deaf Alumni Association including Board of Governor's minutes, constitution and by laws, resolutions, financial statements, correspondence, legal papers and reunion program books.Series V: Ohio Home for the Aged and Infirm DeafBox 2, 1948-1982This series contains the records of the Ohio Home for the Aged and Infirm Deaf, a nursing home sponsored by the Ohio School for the Deaf Alumni Association. Includes in the collection are minutes of the Board of Managers, correspondence, financial statements, reports and land transactions.Series VI: Columbus ColonyBoxes 3-5, 1974-1989Series six contains materials directly related to the construction and operation of the Columbus Colony, a model residential and nursing complex for the deaf. Includes are articles of incorporation, Board of Trustees minutes, correspondence, funding proposals, and position descriptions. Dr. Flood's position as the Public Relations Director which he held the longest at the Colony. Also included are the Colony's newsletter, The Commentator. There are copies of grants and proposals in this collection, as well as on estates and wills.Series VII: Subject and Correspondence FilesBoxes 6-7, 1940-1988This series contains subject and correspondence file arranged alphabetically by folder title. Materials related to the education, medical care, and housing needs of the deaf and the elderly and includes material of national, state, and local organizations to which Dr. Flood belonged. Among these organizations are the National Association of Homes for the Aged Deaf, the National Association of the Deaf, the National Fraternal Society of the Deaf, the Ohio Association of the Deaf and the Ohio Federation of Organizations of the Deaf. Records of other committees include the Commission for New Residential Schools for the Blind and the Deaf, the Ohio Commission for the Deaf, and the White House Conference on Aging. There are correspondence with members of the Ohio legislature and the United States Congress. Correspondence regarding specific bills before the Ohio legislature on peddling, Morse Road Expressway, and the State Commission for the Deaf.
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