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Repository: Gallaudet University Archives Call No.: MSS 122Creator: Title: Papers of Cadwallader L. Washburn, 1866-1975Quantity: 1.5 Linear Feet (3 document boxes) Abstract: Note: This document last updated 2008 February 8.
Acquisition Information: The Cadwallader L. Washburn collection was given to the Gallaudet University Archives from Dr. Sprinkle through Dr. I. King Jordan in 1996.Processed by: Michael J. Olson. 2002.Processing Note: Conditions on Use and Access: This collection is open to the public with no restrictions. Photocopies may be made for scholarly research.Related Material in the Archives: Photographs
Cadwallader Lincoln Washburn was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota on October 13, 1866 and became deaf at age five as a result of scarlet fever and spinal meningitis. Washburn later mentioned that "deafness may sometimes be an inconvenience but never a handicap." He attended Gallaudet College and graduated in 1890 with a Bachelors of Arts degree. He went on to study art at the Art Students League in New York City and took private lessons with well known painter, William Merrit Chase, enabling Washburn to travel internationally studying art work. Washburn studied in Madrid and in 1904 became a war correspondent with his brother, Stanley, in Japan and Manchuria for the Chicago Daily News. Washburn was significant as an etcher but he made the transformation to painter due to the strain etching caused on his eyes. He was a well known dry point etcher and oil painter, currently his work is displayed worldwide. Washburn was a member of several organizations such as American Federation of Arts and New York City's National Arts Club. He passed away at age 99 on December 21st, 1965. His legacy continues to be honored by the Deaf Community, on May 18, 1969, Gallaudet University renamed their art building "The Washburn Art Center".
Scope and Content
The Cadwallader L. Washburn Collection is composed of 3 boxes. The collection consists of articles, diaries Washburn penned while traveling, numerous correspondence, published and unpublished manuscripts and biographies of Washburn. His letters and diaries add depth to Washburn's struggles and triumphs, as well as background information on his artwork, such as, location, subjects and duration. The collection spans from 1866 to 1975.
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