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Gallaudet University and the Department of Interpretation and Translation are pleased to announce that we will be hosting the first International Research Deaf Translation Summit. This inaugural summit will be held at Gallaudet University on March 29-30, 2017. The intent of the inaugural 2017 Signed Language Translation Global Research Summit is to create a Deaf space and serve as a platform for interdisciplinary research from various fields including Deaf scholars, professionals, educators, translators and students. The purpose is to exchange and revisit the roots of translation, discuss critical topic related to signed language translation both practices and research. The summit will provide an informal venue and a chance to have participants’ engagement to convent and share perspectives on the global issues and concerns in relation to our field of translation. You are personally invited to attend to responding to Research Deaf Translation Summit: The Role of Translation and Translators and best practices. The Summit will feature one keynote presenter on Wednesday evening, three plenary sessions on Thursday 8.30-5 pm that leads to a facilitated of breakout group discussions topic that will explore of importance in great detail related to the presentation and and attempt to draw some meaningful conclusions for future action plan and an endnote presenter for the closing event.
Dr. Robert Adam Opening Keynote Speaker Deafness Cognition and Language Research Centre University College London In the beginning was the Deaf translator, or was it?Abstract
Research into Deaf interpreters and translators (I/T) is relatively new. Earlier research has tended to explain: (a) what the work of a Deaf I/T is in order to clarify this for non-Deaf I/T colleagues, and (b) the roles of Deaf I/Ts working in teams with hearing colleagues and on occasion, without hearing colleagues. More recently, researchers have examined how Deaf I/Ts work, the processes involved in this work, and attempted to characterise this work. As more and more Deaf people around the world work as Deaf I/Ts, this area of research is growing as a subset of sign language I/T research in general. Questions often posed include: (a) what are the characteristics of the work of a Deaf I/T, (b) what are the different domains a Deaf I/T will work within, (c) how different and/or similar is the work of a Deaf I/T from non-Deaf I/T colleagues, and (d) why Deaf clients sometimes prefer a Deaf I/T. This paper will review the research and literature on Deaf I/Ts and describe some of the characteristics of this research, and suggest a way forward as a starting point for this first Summit.
Robert Adam is Director of Continuing Professional Development at the Deafness Cognition and Language Research Centre, University College London. He is a qualified sign language interpreter and translator and has worked as a Deaf interpreter in Australia, the USA and the UK. His research interests along with Deaf interpreters are bilingualism, language contact and minority sign language communities. He is also Coordinator of the World Federation of the Deaf Expert Group on Sign Language and Deaf Studies. He is from Melbourne, Australia and currently lives in the UK.
Dr. Christian RathmannEndnote Speaker Institut für Deutsche Gebärdensprache und Kommunikation Gehörloser der Universität Hamburg Experiences of Deaf Translators as a Foundation for Building a Theory: A Grounded Theory ApproachAbstract
Since recently, the everyday practices of Deaf translators in various contexts in several countries have been documented. Especially, a number of issues which are pertaining to Deaf translatorss has been raised to date and will be illustrated: (a) cognitive processes and linguistic strategies used in the work of Deaf translators, (b) team work of translators including preparation, presentation and analysis, (c) Deaf translators working for specific populations with particular language needs, (d) Translation products and text genres, (e) Media translation, (f) Literature translation and (g) theatre translation as well as (h) sight translation as a cultural practice. This kind of knowledge has been usually generated from Deaf translators’ experiences. As a further step, I discuss the issue on how such Deaf translation theories can be created and developed. I will use the Grounded Theory (Glasser and Strauss 1967) as a point of departure: how can we establish such a theory from data systematically obtained from (social) processes of translation’s work and experiences.
Christian Rathmann is professor and chair in the department of Deaf Studies and Interpreting at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Germany (from April 1st 2017 onwards). Before that he is professor and chair at the Institute of German Sign Language and Communication of the Deaf at Universität Hamburg where he directs two BA and MA programs in “Sign Languages” and “Sign Language Interpreting” as well as two professional programs in “Sign Language Interpreting and Translation” and “Sign Language Education” for Deaf Sign Language Users. Moreover, he has been involved in another professional program in Sign Language Interpreting and Translation for Austrian Deaf professionals since 2013. He obtained his doctorate degree in linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin in 2005. He has been engaged and leading in a number of German and European projects focusing on sign language interpreting & translation and second language acquisition & learning as well as in sign language linguistics. Since 2011, he has been a certified interpreter and translator.
Dr. MJ Bienvenu Professor, Department of ASL and Deaf Studies Gallaudet University Painting White Stripes on Road: Looking Back and Forward Abstract
In 1984, I wrote an article about my experience trying to translate an article titled “A Road Being built…” This presentation at the summit will look back at the efforts of many Deaf people at translation, what we know about their ideologies – that is, the values, beliefs, and attitude about language that they exhibit and look into professionalization of the field of translation. Looking back and reading the paper, I realize how little I dreamt – all translators I thought of were non-Deaf. Over the years, there is a growing number of Deaf translators and if I am not mistaken, all of them are on-side jobs, or on contract. With better understanding of what translation involves, with various theories, we are better able to translate, mostly from written form to signed languages. In creating this space, we need to look into a different frame to consider what translation means to us and bring to the table to professionalize the field and practice. Without any doubt it should be Deaf people doing the work. We all can work together how to make it a permanent profession, with Deaf people having a full time job as professional, licensed translators. Not only this, but each person will be encouraged to do self-analysis and recognize their identities as translators – one of the first steps towards professionalization. I, as presenter, will encourage participants to look at the field and work together to make it happen and complete the road. And dream bigger.
A native ASL signer, originally from Baton Rouge, LA, MJ received her BA in English and MA in Linguistics from Gallaudet in 1974 and 1983, respectively. She received her Ph.D. from Union Institute and University in 2003 in Interdisciplinary Studies, with specialization in ASL Linguistics and Lexicography. She worked at Gallaudet in various departments; including Linguistics Research Lab and English, for a total of 11 years. She then moved to be a co-director of The Bicultural Center for 7 years. She later became a director of Language and Culture Center for 3 years before she came back to Gallaudet. MJ is presently a professor in the Department of ASL and Deaf Studies. She had served Gallaudet University in various capacities, as chair of Gallaudet Sesquicentennial Celebration, co-chair of the SLCC planning and building, co-chair of re-writing the Gallaudet University Mission Statement, and is now co-director of MA in Sign Language Education. MJ has published several ASL teaching materials (Faces of ASL and ASL Numerical Systems) and several American Deaf Culture videos and workbooks. She was also a sign model for the first ASL instruction books, also known as the Green Books.. She also presented to schools, colleges and universities and centers around the country, Canada, Europe, Japan, Israel, and Cyprus on topics of Sign Language Instruction, Culture, Oppression and Empowerment, Cross-cultural Interactions and Interpretation. MJ worked on several translation projects with Gallaudet University, as well as some private and federal institutions.
Monique Holt, MFA, CDI, DASL Actress/Director/Instructor/Translator Translation Texts: An Insight into the Translation Strategies Abstract
Literature related to the effectiveness of translation strategies used is lacking. Translation scholars define characteristics of a translation strategy and techniques employed in various ways. Unfortunately, there are no standardized practice or publications available on translation for signed performance. From my experience, to elevate in ASL translating approach from the frozen text, I developed a tool: translation “mapping” system . “Mapping” plays a vital role in translating process. It gives the clarity of writer's message and better use of ASL. From a linguistic perspective, exploring this approach could have significant pedagogical implications.
Monique Holt is an actress, director, translator and a Certified Deaf Interpreter. Recognizing the great power of ASL in telling stories, she has been translating written texts into ASL since teen. Drawing from experience and through trial and error, she has been refining her approach to translation. Monique developed a unique cognitive-linguistic approach and notation system to support her translating work. A life-long student of the arts, she’s constantly experimenting and innovating.
Christopher Tester, MsC, CDI, SC:L Consultant, Educator, Interpreter,Trainer Contemporary Translations Abstract
Contemporary Translation will explore the historical evolution of translation and its parallel to interpreting. We will touch on some theoretical frameworks presented by Nida (Translation theory), Hatim & Mason (Discourse and Register approaches), Vermeer (Skopos Theory). We will touch on the concept of Hybrid Translation, and its impact on creating a dynamic equivalence. We will compare and contrast between translation and sight translation. Exploring this approach could have significant pedagogical implications.
Christopher Tester, MsC, CDI, SC:L, WFD-WASLI Accredited IS Interpreter, is Deaf and a consultant, educator, interpreter and trainer. A seasoned presenter, he specializes in workshop and seminar facilitation on topics (not limited to) disability rights and laws, Deaf and hard of hearing awareness, and interpreting. He currently is an adjunct faculty member of the CUNY’s ASL/English Interpreter Education Program. He has interpreted for several off and on Broadway shows, National and International conferences, at the United Nations and specializes in legal interpreting. Chris received Masters in Science and Communication at Heriot Watt University and received his Bachelor’s degree at the College of the Holy Cross. Additionally, he received his Professional Certificate from the CUNY’s ASL/English Interpreter Education Program. He resides in Manhattan.
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Many of us will also be attending the Symposium on Signed Language Interpretation and Translation Research immediately following the Summit. Please join us for the Symposium!
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