In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, daily life in most boarding schools was highly regimented, and schools for deaf children were no exception. Students slept in rows and kept rigid weekday routines of dressing and eating together and moving as a group between meals, classes, and activities in the dormitories. Bathing and brushing teeth became a regular evening ritual in many dorms, along with a last minute, lights-out dash to bed.

Primary girls at the Missouri School for the Deaf brush their teeth as they prepare for bed.

Girls brush their teeth and get ready for bed at the Missouri School for the Deaf. Children could sign freely and communication was clear and comfortable in most dorms. The shared experiences of dorm life helped the students build close relationships.

Gallaudet University Archives, Number 13143-21

Young girls at the New York School for the Deaf (Malone) signing prayers before bedtime.

Younger children often signed prayers in unison before bedtime.

Gallaudet University Archives, Number 11895-32A
New York School for the Deaf in Malone

Dining hall at the Kansas School for the Deaf - approximately 200 students.

In dining halls, such as that of the Kansas School for the Deaf, above, silverware was often engraved with the school name or with the letters "D and D" for "Deaf and Dumb."

From S. Tefft Walker. "The Kansas Institution," in Histories of American Schools for the Deaf, 1817-1893, ed. Edward Allen Fay (Washington D.C. Volta Bureau, 1893).

Gallaudet University Archives, Number 11897-18A