A world-class institute of changemakers in the deaf and signing community.
Since 1864, we have been investing in and creating resources for deaf and hard of hearing children, their families, and the professionals who work with them.
Over 50 degree programs, with online and continuing education for personal and professional development.
Innovating solutions to break down barriers, and using science to prove what does and doesn’t work.
We make it easy for you to apply and enter here.
Ready to take the next step toward a college education?
Make lasting memories and grow in ways you never thought possible.
Institutional Effectiveness & Certification
Director: Caroline Kobek Pezzarossi, Ph.DCollege Hall 410
(202) 559-5370 (videophone)
DISCLAIMER: This data in this section is fictitious and does not, in any way, represent any of the programs at Gallaudet University. This information is intended only as examples.
Information is the results of data processing, or said another way, data only becomes information that you can use to make decisions after it has been processed.
It's hard to understand data in bulk. Thus, it's best if the data is summarized in the results.
The benefit of summarization is that it not only reduces the amount of data needed to digest, but it increases the ability to interpret the data.
If there is a small amount of data, it can be prepared it by hand. Otherwise, the results should be entered into a computer for easier summarizing and analyzing.
If the assessment tool uses descriptive instead of numeric categories, it will be necessary to change the ratings or responses into numbers (coding) before entering them into the computer. It will make them easier to summarize and analyze.
Example:Exemplary = 4Can express why psychology is a science = C1
Notes on coding. Keep careful notes explaining the meaning of each code to minimize confusion. They will be invaluable if anyone decides to repeat the assessment later.
Depending on the data collection, a cleaning up will be needed to make sure it is appropriate and accurate prior to being summarized and analyzed. For example, assessment results from a paper-based survey or rubric may include some unclear or inaccurate responses that you will need to be decided about (e.g., correcting or eliminating data from the sample).
Some types of responses that may need to be address before summarizing data:
Make a List and check it twice
Once the list is accurate, proceed to the next step.
4= Exemplary 3 = Good 2 = Minimally Acceptable 1 = Unacceptable
Example: Tally of raw data from list above
Visualize information in a way most useful to you.
Chart Your Results in a way that is meaningful. It is often helpful to use tables, line graphs or bar charts to get a clear look at the big picture. It depends on the kind of questions the assessments are needed to answer. (see two examples below showing the same data summarized two ways).
Example 1: Table using data from tally above with percentages added, column with total percentage of students who were successful in the program (adding Exemplary + Good + Minimally Acceptable).
Example 2: Line chart using data from tally above with target the program hope to achieve.
Find the Story in the Data [Analyze Data]. Data Summaries alone cannot fully communicate your message.
Data summaries make it easier for you to see meaning but by themselves they don't reveal the whole story. You also need to include an explicit narrative interpretation of what you saw in the data…and what you plan to do about it.
Additional Resource: More examples of summarized data are in the attached document, including a thematic analysis of qualitative data.
You will need Adobe Reader to view these PDF documents. Adobe Acrobat reader is free software that can be downloaded from the Adobe Reader website.
Gallaudet University is a federally chartered private and premier university for the deaf and hard of hearing since 1864.
Copyright © 2021 Gallaudet University. All rights reserved.
800 Florida Avenue NE Washington, D.C. 20002
Spring 2021 – Dec 12Fall 2021 – May 15