Conjunctions and Interjections

A conjunction is a word that connects phrases, words, or clauses. Conjunctions are often used as transitions. An interjection is an exclamatory word (or words) that shows strong or sudden feeling and has no grammatical function in the construction of a sentence, such as "Ah ha!".

Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that connects phrases, words, or clauses. Conjunctions are often used as transitions. There are two kinds of conjunctions: Coordinating and Subordinating.

COORDINATING: connects words, phrases, or clauses

and, but, or, for

Gallaudet teachers communicate in American Sign Language and English.

either... or; neither... nor; both... and; not only... but also

Most students use either ASL or English.

hence, therefore, moreover, however, besides, consequently

I like to read; however, I hate to write.

SUBORDINATING: introduces subordinate clauses and connects them with the main clause

who, which, that

People who live in glass houses don't like children to play catch in front of their houses.

although, because, since, through, if, as if

Although I work hard, I'm still broke.

Interjections

An interjection is an exclamatory word (or words) that shows weak, mild, or strong feeling and has no grammatical function in the construction of a sentence.

The table below shows some interjections with examples.

interjection meaning example
ah expressing pleasure "Ah, that feels good."
expressing realization "Ah, now I understand."
expressing resignation "Ah well, it can't be helped."
expressing surprise "Ah! I've won!"
alas expressing grief or pity "Alas, she's dead now."
dear expressing pity "Oh dear! Does it hurt?"
expressing surprise "Dear me! That's a surprise!"
eh asking for repetition "It's hot today." "Eh?" "I said it's hot today."
expressing enquiry "What do you think of that, eh?"
expressing surprise "Eh! Really?"
inviting agreement "Let's go, eh?"
er expressing hesitation "Lima is the capital of...er...Peru."
hello, hullo expressing greeting "Hello John. How are you today?"
expressing surprise "Hello! My car's gone!"
hey calling attention "Hey! look at that!"
expressing surprise, joy etc "Hey! What a good idea!"
hi expressing greeting "Hi! What's new?"
hmm expressing hesitation, doubt or disagreement "Hmm. I'm not so sure."
oh, o expressing surprise "Oh! You're here!"
expressing pain "Oh! I've got a toothache."
expressing pleading "Oh, please say 'yes'!"
ouch expressing pain "Ouch! That hurts!"
uh expressing hesitation "Uh...I don't know the answer to that."
uh-huh expressing agreement "Shall we go?" "Uh-huh."
um, umm expressing hesitation "85 divided by 5 is...um...17."
well expressing surprise "Well I never!"
introducing a remark "Well, what did he say?"

Source: EnglishClub.com - Interjections
EnglishClub.com

Updated June 2, 2016
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