Guide to Verb Tenses
|Present Tenses||Past Tenses||Future Tenses|
Present Tenses: Present Simple
|Use||to show repeated action, belief, opinion, characteristics.|
|How to Form||verb(s/es)|
|Example||work / works|
|Sentence Example||They work sometimes.
She works at Gallaudet.
Present Tenses: Present Perfect
|Use||to show what has happened in the past and continues in the present; to show how long something has happened (often uses for and since).|
|How to Form||have/has + past participle|
|Example||have worked / has worked|
|Sentence Example||I have worked at Gallaudet for seven years.
Kelly has worked at Gallaudet since 1993.
Present Tenses: Present Continuous (Progressive)
|Use||to show an event that is going on right now.|
|How to Form||am/is/are + verb + ing|
|Example||am working / is working / are working|
|Sentence Example||Sue is working in the house.
She and her sister are working at Gally now.
Present Tenses: Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive)
|Use||to show how long something has been happening and is still happening.|
|How to Form||have/has + been + verb + ing|
|Example||have been working / has been working|
|Sentence Example||I have been working at Gallaudet for seven years.
Kelly has been working at Gallaudet since 1993.
Past Tenses: Past Simple
|Use||to show what happened at a time in the past and is finished.|
|How to Form||verb(d/ed)|
|Sentence Example||Yesterday Jim worked with Harry.|
Past Tenses: Past Perfect
|Use||to show an action in the past that happened even before another event in the past .|
|How to Form||had + past participle|
|Sentence Example||The car had worked before the truck hit it|
Past Tenses: Past Continuous (Progressive)
|Use||to show an event that was going on when something else happened (often uses before, after, when).|
|How to Form||was/were + verb + ing|
|Example||was working / were working|
|Sentence Example||I was working on the paper when my friend interrupted me.
Sara and Jill were working at the Abbey when I stopped by.
Past Tenses: Past Perfect Continuous (Progressive)
|Use||to show how long something had been happening before something else happened.|
|How to Form||had + been + verb + ing|
|Example||had been working|
|Sentence Example||The car had been working fine before the truck hit it.|
Future Tenses: Future Simple
|Use||to show what will happen in the future.|
|How to Form||will + verb|
|Sentence Example||In the future I will work on Mars every week.|
Future Tenses: Future Perfect
|Use||to show something that has not yet been done but that will be done before a set time in the future.|
|How to Form||will have + past participle|
|Example||will have worked|
|Sentence Example||By tomorrow Steve will have worked on his term paper.|
Future Tenses: Future Continuous (Progressive)
|Use||to show an event that will be going on when something else happens.|
|How to Form||will be + verb + ing|
|Example||will be working|
|Sentence Example||The guard will be working on his project when we sneak up on him.|
Future Tenses: Future Perfect Continuous (Progressive)
|Use||to show how long something will have been happening by a future time.|
|How to Form||will have + been + verb + ing|
|Example||will have been working|
|Sentence Example||By tomorrow Steve will have been working for five days on his term paper.|