What is a verb?

The verb is the word in the sentence that shows action or connects the subject with information about that subject.  Every sentence must have a verb.  There are very few exceptions to this rule.  Verbs can be regular or irregularRegular verbs all follow the same conjugation pattern.  Irregular verbs don't follow the normal conjugation pattern.  You will need to memorize the irregular verbs' conjugations. Check out our file on Irregular Verbs to see some common irregular verbs and their conjugations.

All regular verbs use the following forms to conjugate all verb tenses:

Verb
Form
Explanation
Example
Root Form The root form of the verb is its most basic form with no to in front of it, and no -s, -ed, or -ing on the end.  You will need to use the root form of the verb to form the simple future tense, some of the present tense, and with modals (should play, could play...). I will play. He will play.
You will play. She could play.
We will play. It will play.
They might play.
Present Tense  Use the root form of the verb for first person  singular (I) and plural (we), second person (you), and third person plural (they) in the present tense.  Add -s to the third person singular (he, she and it). I play.  He plays.
You play. She plays.
We play. It plays.
They play.
Past Tense  Add -ed to form the past tense. I played. He played.
You played. She played.
We played. It played.
They played.
Past Participle Add -ed to form the past participle. I have played. He has played.
You have played. She has played.
We have played. It has played.
They have played.
Present  Participle Add -ing to make the present participle.  I am playing. He is playing.
You are playing. She is playing.
We are playing. It is playing.
They are playing.