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Suffixes (word-endings) come at the end of a word. They show whether the word is a verb, noun, adjective, or adverb. Learning these word-endings can help you recognize a noun, adjective, verb, or adverb.
These are common endings for nouns. If you see these endings on a word, then you know it must be a noun.
- state or condition
- domain, position, rank
- a group with position, office, or rank
wise+dom means the state of understanding what is good, right and lastingking+dom means the domain or area belonging to a king.
capable+ity means the condition of being capable.flexible+ity means the quality of being flexible.
content+ment means the state of being satisfied (content).
celebrate+tion means the act of celebrating
tough+ness means the state of being tough.
assist+ance means act of giving help.
fight+er means one who fightsact+or means one who acts.
violin+ist means one who plays the violin.
These are common word endings for adjectives. If you see these ending at the end of a word, you can be certain it is an adjective.
extend+ive means doing something large in range or amountselect+ive means tending to select.
wood+en means made of wood.Note: When the word is an adjective, the -en means made of __________. We have seen -en at the end of a verb. There it means to make __________.
hero+ic means characteristic of a hero.poet+ic means characteristic of (or like) poets or poetry.
finance+al means relating to finance. (Finance means money.)manu+al means relating to the hand. (Manus means hand in Latin.)
port+able means can be carried; able to be carried.pleasure+able means giving pleasure.
hair+y means having hair (a lot of hair).rain+y means having rain.
mystery+ous means full of mystery.
hope+ful means full of hope.beauty+ful means full of beauty.Note: The suffix -ful is always spelled with one l; the word full has two.
power+less means without power.home+less means without a home.
These are common endings for verbs. If you see these endings on a word, then the word is most likely a verb.
bright+en means to make bright.soft+en means to make soft.
public+ize means to make public or to make the public aware of.
active+ate means to make active.different+ate means to make or show a difference.
simple+ify means to make simple or simpler.
This is the most common ending for an adverb. If you see this ending on a word, you can be fairly certain that it is an adverb. However, keep in mind that not all adverbs end this way.
From Working on Wordsby John F. Canney, J. Philip Goldberg, and Diane D. Conner
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