The K-W-L-H teaching technique is a good method to help students activate prior knowledge. It also helps them to insight how the KWLH method to utilize during reading activate as well as post-reading activate.

The K-W-L-H stands for:

  • K - Stands for helping students recall what they KNOW about the subject.
  • W - Stands for helping students determine what they WANT to learn.
  • L - Stands for helping students identify what they LEARN as they read.
  • H - Stands for HOW we can learn more (other sources where additional information on the topic can be found).

Sample K-W-L-H

Title: The Life of Dinosaurs

What We Know What We Want to Find Out What We Learned How Can We Learn More
Dinosaurs are large.

Dinosaurs are dead.

They lived a long time ago.

There is a movie about dinosaurs.
How long ago did they live?

Why did they die?

How do we know what they looked like?

Who are the people who study dinosaurs?
An archeologist has an exciting life.

Dinosaurs eat plants and some eat meat.

Some dinosaurs were gigantic, but had small brains.

Fossils uncover dinosaur traits.


Field Trips

Archeological digs


Internet computer search
Categories of Information we expect to use:A. Size
B. Career
C. Eating Habits


Adapted from Strategic Teaching
and Reading Project Guidebook.
(NCREL, 1995, rev. ed.).