SQ4R Reading Method: SQ4R method improves both comprehension and grades.

Survey Question Read Recite Relate Review

Before you read, Survey
the chapter

» The title, headings, and subheadings.
» Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps.
» Review questions or teacher-made study guides.
» Introductory and concluding paragraphs.
» Summary.
» Try to get an overview of what lies ahead.

while you are surveying

» Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions.
» Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading.
» Ask yourself, "What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?"
» Ask yourself, "What do I already know about this subject?"
» Example, the heading "Stages of Sleep" might lead you to ask: "Is there more than one stage of sleep?" What are they and how do they differ?" Asking questions helps you read with a purpose.

Note:  If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration. This variation is called SQW4R

When you begin
to Read

» Look for answers to the questions you first raised.
» Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides.
» Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
» Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases.
» Study graphic aids.
» Reduce your speed for difficult passages.
» Stop and reread parts which are not clear.
» Read only a section at a time and recite after each section.

after you've read a section:

» Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read and/or summarize, in your own words, what you read.
» Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words.
» Underline/highlight important points you've just read.
» Use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style.
» Remember to look for answers as you read and to recite or take notes before moving on.
» Recite key terms and concepts.


» It is easier to remember ideas that are personally meaningful.
» When you study a chapter, try to link new facts, terms, and concepts with information you already know.

an ongoing process.

» When you’re done reading, skim back over the chapter, or read your notes. Then check your memory by reciting and quizzing yourself again.
» Make frequent review a key part of your study habits.



Another SQ4R Reading Method:



Adapted from: West Virginia University
at Parkersburg
Adapted from Frank Robinson (1969) by
Karen Kimmel for the Gallaudet University
English Department