Conjunctions and Interjections

A conjunction is a word that connects phrases, words, or clauses. Conjunctions are often used as transitions. An interjection is an exclamatory word (or words) that shows strong or sudden feeling and has no grammatical function in the construction of a sentence, such as "Ah ha!".

 

Conjunctions

A conjunction is a word that connects phrases, words, or clauses. Conjunctions are often used as transitions. There are two kinds of conjunctions: Coordinating and Subordinating.

COORDINATING: connects words, phrases, or clauses

and, but, or, for

Gallaudet teachers communicate in American Sign Language and English.

either... or; neither... nor; both... and; not only... but also

Most students use either ASL or English.

hence, therefore, moreover, however, besides, consequently

I like to read; however, I hate to write.

 

SUBORDINATING: introduces subordinate clauses and connects them with the main clause

who, which, that

People who live in glass houses don't like children to play catch in front of their houses.

although, because, since, through, if, as if

Although I work hard, I'm still broke.

 

Interjections

An interjection is an exclamatory word (or words) that shows weak, mild, or strong feeling and has no grammatical function in the construction of a sentence.

The table below shows some interjections with examples.

interjectionmeaningexampleahexpressing pleasure"Ah, that feels good."expressing realization"Ah, now I understand."expressing resignation"Ah well, it can't be helped."expressing surprise"Ah! I've won!"alasexpressing grief or pity"Alas, she's dead now."dearexpressing pity"Oh dear! Does it hurt?"expressing surprise"Dear me! That's a surprise!"ehasking for repetition"It's hot today." "Eh?" "I said it's hot today."expressing enquiry"What do you think of that, eh?"expressing surprise"Eh! Really?"inviting agreement"Let's go, eh?"erexpressing hesitation"Lima is the capital of...er...Peru."hello, hulloexpressing greeting"Hello John. How are you today?"expressing surprise"Hello! My car's gone!"heycalling attention"Hey! look at that!"expressing surprise, joy etc"Hey! What a good idea!"hiexpressing greeting"Hi! What's new?"hmmexpressing hesitation, doubt or disagreement"Hmm. I'm not so sure."oh, oexpressing surprise"Oh! You're here!"expressing pain"Oh! I've got a toothache."expressing pleading"Oh, please say 'yes'!"ouchexpressing pain"Ouch! That hurts!"uhexpressing hesitation"Uh...I don't know the answer to that."uh-huhexpressing agreement"Shall we go?" "Uh-huh."um, ummexpressing hesitation"85 divided by 5 is...um...17."wellexpressing surprise"Well I never!"introducing a remark"Well, what did he say?"